Things You Need to Know about Croton Plant

Things You Need to Know about Croton Plant

Croton plant is one of the most popular indoor plants when it comes to bright colours. You gotta pronounce it as “crow-tun”. The multi-coloured plants are generally bought to bring the charm to your place and make it much more attractive than it ever was. The name might give you vibes as if the plant is something from space, don’t worry, they are pretty much from the earth only. The croton seed resembles the shape of a tick mark and this word itself comes from the Greek word – tick. The croton leaves are beautiful and thick and leathery touch. This tropical plant comes in various colours, sizes, and shapes.



Croton plant growing indoors


There are a lot of varieties for the croton. The plant might not be too poisonous but it is not edible. Consumption of the plant in large amounts can cause abdominal discomfort, and it can have other symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea. The sap of the plant can cause skin irritation and bring out stains too. So keep your pets and children away if you have a croton plant indoor.


Croton plant benefits
Croton plant, which is also known as Codiaeum variegatum in the terms of science, has got many benefits along with the good looks it serves indoors. The oil from the seed alone can be used to make different types of medicines. They are also responsible for the clean air around you. You can breathe better when you have planted croton seeds in your home.


The croton plants can absorb the pollutants around you into their leaves. Along with that, they would also take in the harmful toxins which then get absorbed with the help of the roots of the plants. Nothing’s gonna waste, they are then gonna turn those harmful toxins into nutrients for themselves. That’s just magic. That’s how beneficial they can be. They would also emit water vapours which can allow the plant to pull the polluted air from the surrounding, and to keep you away from the polluted environment. And along with that, they are simply gonna return oxygen as well. That is just a win-win situation – you have simply got nothing to lose.


The croton tiglium was used for medicinal purposes as a purgative. The croton seeds are used to empty the stomach and clean the intestines as well as the stomach. The seeds are also used to treat various problems in the human body like gallbladder problems, blocked intestines, malaria, and colic. You can also apply the croton seeds to the skin – this can prove to be beneficial for muscle and joint pain. Not just that, this can help fight nerve pain, gout, and bronchitis. Remember that the seeds can have side effects, and not everyone can take the seeds – especially pregnant women. Do consult with your doctor about the proper doses.


Croton plant indoor care tips | Croton plant maintenance
The charming colours and tones of the plant are very popular these days. The plant has got a variety of colours, shapes, and sizes you can choose from. They would clean the air around you, and make your place look more attractive, and in return, all you gotta do is give them proper care. Being a tropical plant, the plant is quite easy to grow and falls in the category of hard-to-kill plants.


Container
You need to plant the plant right. That’s the first and a very important step if you want to have a healthy croton plant indoor. When you go for choosing the right container for your plant, remember that the plant needs to grow straight and upright. This makes the top quite heavier. The plant can get large, so you need to select a container that can take the weight of the plant when it grows. Do consider a large pot, or you might have to transfer it to a larger pot with time – which is hectic. They need tropical-themed containers. Put a hole in the container below for proper drainage.


Soil
Croton plant always needs a well-drained mix of potting soil. The drainage needs to be accurate – otherwise, it can kill the plant. You can fertilize the soil in spring and summer. Do so when the plant is growing actively. Don’t and we repeat don’t fertilize the plant during the winter or in fall.


Light
The plant prefers a good amount of sunlight. Eastern, southern, and western windows are the most preferred spots for keeping the plant indoors. Little light won’t give the plant proper colour.


Watering
The plant prefers to stay moist. So ensure that the soil stays evenly moist. Before you water it again, ensure that the soil dries out. Don’t soak the soil with water. If your home isn’t too humid, you should try misting around the leaves about once every week. You can also keep a tray of wet gravel somewhere near the pot. Wipe the leaves at least once a month to keep the dust away, the croton leaves can attract specks of dust.


Cutting
You can cut the stems by about four or five-inch to grow new croton plants from the same. All you need to do is remove the bottom leaves and place the stem cutting and put it in a glass of water. You will observe the roots getting formed, then you can place them in a small pot. It is better to repot in the spring when you observe the plant getting too big for the current pot.


Croton varieties | Types of croton plants
As we said earlier, there are a lot of different types of croton plants. With different colours, shapes, and sizes – you can bring any one of them home. Let’s talk about the croton varieties, choose the one that you like the best -


Zanzibar croton


Contrasting leaves


This variety of this plant can grow up to 3 or 4 feet tall. The colours are vibrant – with a mix of green, red, purple, orange, and yellow. The great contrasting leaves work as the perfect houseplant. Remember that the plant prefers bright light but indirect sunlight. So, don’t put them in a position where their leaves get burnt from direct sunlight.


Victoria Gold Bell



Leaves dangle off the plant


The leaves of this variety of croton are slightly different from the others. With the botanical name of Codiaeum Victoria Gold Bell, the leaves dangle off the plant. The colour of the leaves depends on the amount of light the plant receives. Protect the plant from hot and cold air if you can.


Yellow Iceton Croton



Lush yellow variegation


The Codiaeum variegatum Yellow Iceton is famous for its attractive yellow leaves as you can see in the picture. The lush yellow variegation can reach up to 3 or 4 feet long. This plant can grow in full sun as well as in partial shade.


Superstar Croton



Leaves with yellow spots


As the name suggests, you are gonna get the superstar vibes once you bring the plant in. The bright green leaves get enhanced when they meet with the yellow spots on them. This plant can grow up to 5 feet tall and can grow in full to partial sunlight. Don’t overwater the plant – this can kill the plant.


Red Iceton Croton


Grows 7 to 8 feet
You’ve met the yellow Iceton, here are we presenting you the red iceton croton plant. Which has got the vibrant red vibes in it. This plant has got bright veins which make it look more attractive. It can grow up to 7 or 8 feet, so put them in larger pots. Do ensure that the pot has a well-draining system. Give them bright sunlight to grow.


Petra Croton



Large and wide leaves


The croton petra is one of the most popular croton varieties. This is native to Southeast Asia. The large wide leaves are what make it look stunning. You’d get different shades in a single plant. If they grow to their best, you can observe shades of yellow, green, orange, bronze, and the famous burgundy red. Give the plant a bright spot.


The Sunny star



Gold colour dashed leaves


The leaves of this plant won’t give you different shades of colours like the other croton varieties. They feature light green leaves which are large and elliptical. The leaves will be dashed in gold colour if they get the proper care. This can attain height up to 4 or 6 feet. Give them partial sunlight. Morning sunlight works best for this plant.


Oakleaf Croton


Tri-lobed leaves


This is another popular houseplant – perfect for your indoors. The tri-lobed leaves come in shades of green, red, burgundy, orange, and yellow. Grow them near a good light source, and give them well-draining soil. Overwatering is something they don’t like.


Lauren’s Rainbow croton



Grows with shades of different colour


As the name suggests, you’ll get a splash of colours resembling a rainbow. The leaves grow long with shades of yellow, green, and purple. One of the easiest growing crotons which can tolerate humidity and are drought-tolerant. This can go with full sun, and can even grow in dappled shade.


Croton plant lifespan


Generally, a Croton plant can grow for two years or more. But if you can take proper care, it can stay a lot longer. Just provide it with enough warmth, humidity, and proper watering and it would live many years.


How to make croton bushier


Without regular pruning, the plants can be sparse and a lot leggy. It can reach about 20 feet in height and the height gets awkward. You can’s just leave it up to itself. You sometimes need to cut it out, more pinching out the buds can make it look a lot bushier.
Croton when put in a container, can be well maintained as a small and bushy shrub. You gotta pinch it back frequently. Pinch out the buds.


Oakleaf Croton



Leaves with shades of different colours


This is another popular houseplant – perfect for your indoors. The tri-lobed leaves come in shades of green, red, burgundy, orange, and yellow. Grow them near a good light source, and give them well-draining soil. Overwatering is something they don’t like.


Croton plant outdoor size


The height of the plant can grow up to 1 to 3 feet, 3 feet to 8 feet, and some croton varieties can grow up 8 to 20 feet long. The width can be up to 6 feet.


The Gold dust croton



Looks best in office complexes


You might have come across this variety of croton in some office complex or any house. Also known as the gold-star croton, the plant might grow slow but the beautiful narrow dark green leaves are worth waiting for. The shiny yellow splashes are what make it more attractive. The maximum height it can grow up to is 6 feet. Give them at least 4 hours of direct sunlight so that they can give you the perfect shades.


Propagating croton
Propagating croton is not hard at all. The best way to propagate croton is to do so in water. You just gotta take a cutting and put it in water. You should take about 6 to 12 inches long cutting which can be as thick as a pencil, from the top part of the plant. Place the cutting in water at about 20 to 25 degrees Celsius temperature.


Croton symbolism
The changing foliage of the plant symbolizes change. Gifting it to your child who’s going off to college, or your father who is planning retirement is ideal.


Soil for croton
With a neutral pH, plant your croton in well-drained potting soil. Remember that the plant likes to stay moist, but not wet – so ensure that there’s proper drainage.


Croton fertilization
A low-nitrogen, time-released, granular fertilizers work best for the croton plant. Ensure that the fertilizer has an 18-3-5 NPK ratio. You gotta sprinkle the fertilizer only around the base of the plant around early spring.


FAQs


Is croton an indoor or outdoor plant?


Most of the croton varieties can be grown both indoor and outdoor with proper care. There would be different requirements for each case.


Do croton plants like the full sun? Does croton need direct sunlight?


Not every croton plant is like full sun. It depends on the variety of the plant. Some like full sun, some like partial sunlight. Go through the croton plant varieties mentioned in the blog to have a better understanding.


How do you take care of a croton plant?
Croton plant doesn’t need too much care. You just need to ensure that they get good sunlight. Don’t overwater the plant and ensure that they are planted in well-drained soil.


How do croton plants photosynthesize?
The leaves of the plants have chlorophyll which appears dark red. The higher amount of anthocyanins and carotenoids makes them look so. The leaves of the plant take part in photosynthesis.


How to protect indoor croton plants from drying?
Croton plants like humid places, if you have a low-humid environment around you, do sprinkle water on the leaves and clean the leaves every week. Keep the soil moist.


Why my croton plant is leaves falling off?
Croton leaves can fall off when they are exposed to extreme hot or cold environments. Open doors, air ducts, ACs can be a reason for the same. Insufficient sunlight can also be the reason.


How should one grow a croton plant indoors?
Take a good-sized container and keep the plant near the windows so that they get enough sunlight. Plant them in well-drained soil and use a low-nitrogen fertilizer to provide enough nutrition to the plant.




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