The Beautiful Marigold Flower Guide
We all know about marigolds, they are one of the most cheerful flowers. The compact annuals have a shape resembling the beautiful daisies and carnations. Marigolds can be grown anywhere even if they are native to Mexico. Their adaptability makes them popular and they are low-maintenance. They grow quite faster and they can also be direct-seeded after say the last frost in spring. The botanical name of the flower is Tagetes spp. They are an annual flower and generally needs full sunlight to grow. There are many types of marigold flowers, their size ranges from 4 to 36 inches tall and about 6 to 18 inches in width. They love summers and can grow in various colours, the popular being yellow, orange, red, white, gold, bicolour.
Types of marigolds
There are different types of marigolds. The main distinction is height. Let us talk about the most common types of marigolds –
Grows large pom-pom flowers
The botanical name of these charmers is Tageteserecta. The large pom-pom flowers are by far one of the most popular types of marigolds. They are compact and relatively taller than the other varieties. This type of marigold is popular for its borders and because of its identity as cut flowers. They can grow as tall as a 2 feet plant, their flowers can be 5 inches across. They are mainly found in yellow and orange colours.
The French Marigolds
Short and bushy kind
Also known by the name of Tagetespatula, they are not as tall as the African marigolds, so if you are looking for short and bushy kinds of marigolds, go for them. They are short and bushy and can grow up to 5 to 18 inches tall depending on their environment and how you treat them. They look adoring as with proper care you can get a large number of them in a bushy form. The purple-tinged stem is perfect for your marigold garden. They are double flower heads and come in yellow, orange, and mahogany colours. The flowers can be about 2 inches across.
This flower is edible as well. They are the unique kind and look different from the other types like the bedding marigolds. They have lacy leaves and come in small and single flowering styles. People loving daisies can go for them as they resemble the daisy structure. Depending on the colours, they go by the names of ‘Red gem’, ‘Orange gem’, ‘Lemon gem’, and the popular ‘Orange gem’. There are many hybrids available in the market too. The expanded palette hybrids come in the shades of cream, burgundy, and the popular bi-colour. The flavour of the gem varieties is more popular though.
Just like there are different types of marigolds, there are different varieties of the flower too. The most popular being-
They refer to the African marigolds generally. The ones with unusually profuse blooms fall under this category.
These marigold varieties are single-flowered and come in small sizes. They have fern-like foliage and are signet structured.
These are ruffled varieties of marigold, they have deep-yellow shades and fall under the French category with maroon splashes in the centre of each of them.
The cheerful and abundant colour of the popular flowers can be grown from the marigold seeds very comfortably. For that, you need to learn how to save their seeds so that you don’t need to buy any more plants or seeds. The process is quite simple and easy. You just need to remove the seeds from the flower blooms. The next thing you gotta do is let them dry up in the air, and then you gotta store them over the winter season. You can also store up seeds and pack them as gifts.
We do know that marigolds are hybrid plants, so you need to remember that the seeds will always produce the plant resembling one or one of their parent plants. Sometimes you can’t predict the variation they come up with. You need to go for heirloom marigolds if you want identical flowers.
Hybrid marigold flower seeds
Hybrid varieties of the plant are quite popular. You can easily find the hybrid marigold seeds from your nearby local store or a grown plant. You can also look for them online.
Planting marigold seeds
Growing marigolds from seeds isn’t a hectic process, you can easily do this from the comfort of your home. Planting marigold seeds needs to be followed by some simplesteps. Let us learn the steps to harvest marigold from seeds –
Wait for the marigolds to dry first
There’s always a right time to collect the seeds. You can’t collect it at just any time. You need to plan to harvest the seeds just when you sense the petals getting dry at the base of the seed pods or each bloom, they would turn brown then. A little bit of green is left won’t create too much of a problem. Don’t wait for it to turn brown completely, that might cause rot. Remove each flower head from the stems.
Opening of the marigold seed pods
You need to set a paper towel on a flat surface before you begin. While holding the base of each of the seed pods, pull off the petals and the leaves. The seeds will be there – attached to the base of the pods. Keep the prepared blooms on the paper towel.
Removing marigold seeds
Now it is time to remove the marigold seeds. The seeds are long, slender, and pointed structures. You can easily identify them, they are dark on an end and light on the other end. To remove the seeds, take each pod, and pull the seeds away. Discard the base and separate the seeds. You can then spread them on the paper towel you have kept.
Allowing the seeds to dry and storing them
Now you gotta let the seeds dry. Keep them uncovered on the towel. It might take about a week to dry. This can help preserve them.
To store the seeds properly, you need to place them in a paper envelope. Don’t use plastic bags, plastic bags tend to retain the residual moisture which is not good for the seeds. You can label the envelope and mark them so that you don’t mistake it for something else. Use separated envelopes for different varieties. Store the envelope in some cool and dry place.
Time to plant them
Now is the final part. After you have finished all the above-mentioned steps, it's time to use the seeds. You can now plant them in your garden, preferably in spring after the frost is over. Seeds stored in winter can be planted in the next growing season – this helps them grow the best. Repeat the process for more marigold plants for your marigold garden.
Marigold blooms | Marigold flower season
Marigold needs a mild climate for its growth and flowering. The mild climate ( 14.5 to 28.6 degrees Celsius ) helps the flower to improve its growth. Higher temperatures can affect growth. Marigolds can be grown in rainy, winter, and summer seasons as well. It depends on the environmental conditions. Depending on the flowering season, the sowing and transplanting times differ.
If you flower in the rainy season, make sure you sow them by the middle of June and transplant them by the middle of July
Flowering the plant in winter would need a sowing time by the middle of August and transplanting it in the middle of September.
The flowering season being summer, would have a sowing time in the first week of January and transplanting time in the first week of February.
Growing marigolds doesn’t need much care. They are low-maintenance. One can easily take care of the plants even if they are beginners. The plant needs full sunlight and you need to make sure they receive regular watering. Leaving them in dry soil can affect the plants. Keep the soil pH above 6.0, any good garden soil would work. Water them every day if the weather is hot and dry.
They don’t need any supplemental fertilizers. So there is not necessary, although you can use some if you want. But if the soil quality is extremely poor, there might be fertilization needs.
Marigold flower uses | Marigold flower benefits
Few people know this, but marigold flowers are really useful in so many ways. They can heal skin wounds, burns, and rashes as well. They are often used to treat skin-related problems and are generally applied to dry skin. Flavonoids present on the flowers are said to help treat cancer too, the flavonoids can exhibit cytotoxic, and anti-inflammatory activities. They can also be used in the body detoxification process and the flowers are often said to relieve menstrual pains and cramps. Men can also use it to soothe their skin after shaving.
White genda flower
What is marigold flower good for?
Marigold flowers can be used for decorative purposes. They are also used to treat skin-related problems and in body detoxification. They are also said to help in treating cancer.
What month do marigolds bloom?
Marigolds generally start blooming by December, some also can be seen growing by February and March.
Do marigolds need full sun?
Yes, Marigolds need full sun.
Do marigolds bloom all year?
Yes, with proper care, they can be seen blooming throughout the year.
How to grow Marigold flowers in a garden?
They need full sun and regular watering to grow the best.
What are tagetes marigolds?
Tagetes is the genus of the flower.
Is Marigold and Calendula the same?
No, they aren’t the same flowers. Both of them are from the Asteraceae family but are different flowers.
What are the different kinds of marigold flowers?
There are different kinds of marigold flowers namely the – African marigold, French marigold, and the signet marigold.
Do marigolds control pests in a garden?
Yes, they are known to repel insects. The scent they possess can keep mosquitoes, cabbage worms, and other pests like aphids away.
Are marigolds annuals or perennials?
Both. Most of them are annual, and some of them are perennial too.