Indoor plants are sure beautiful and tranquil. But, they seem to be prettier when they bloom. One such flowering indoor plant is the Chrysanthemum.
Chrysanthemum Scientific Name/ Chrysanthemum Family
The Chrysanthemum, i.e. the genus Chrysanthemum, belongs to the Asteraceae plant family. Native to the subtropical regions of Northeastern Europe and Eastern Asia, the Chrysanthemums are also mostly referred to as just the Mums. These mums occupy a big space in the floral industry.
The word Chrysanthemum has origins in the Greek language. The word has been derived from two Greek terms, chrysos meaning gold and anthemon, meaning flower.
How many sepals does a Chrysanthemum have?
The Chrysanthemum flowers are a real beauty to behold. Sure, there are different varieties of the plant, each different from the other. But the general structure of all these varieties is more or less similar.
The flowers look as if they have layers of petals attached to them. However, each of these individual petals is the florets of the Chrysanthemum. These florets are of two kinds- the disc floret and the ray floret. The disc floret makes up the outer part of the petal, the part that we see. The ray petals, however, are situated on the inner side, making up the central buttons of the flower.
There are many different kinds of Chrysanthemums. Each of these varieties produces flowers that are different in shape, size and texture. Thus, it is completely normal for us to see different mums' colours. However, some of the common colours of the Chrysanthemums are listed below.
- Lavender Chrysanthemums
- Orange Chrysanthemums
- Pink Chrysanthemums
- Purple Chrysanthemums
- Red Chrysanthemums
- White Chrysanthemums
- Yellow Chrysanthemums
Growing Chrysanthemums in Pots
The Chrysanthemums are beautiful plants to have at home. They can easily add a pop of colour to the dullest of the dull rooms and also act as a natural air purifier.
Here’s how you can easily grow Chrysanthemums in pots, indoors.
- Start with choosing the proper planter for your plant. Take a planter that is neither too wide nor too small in comparison to the size of the plant.
- Ensure that the planter has enough drainage holes to flush out the excess moisture from the soil. You can also add a layer of pebbles at the bottom for good drainage.
- Fill around one-third of the planter with some good quality well-draining and consistently moist potting soil.
- Gently place the root ball of the plant in the soil. Layer the root ball with more potting soil, making sure that the roots are covered.
- Water the plant at the base, just enough to moisten the soil. Shift the planter to a spot that receives ample sunlight throughout the day.
Chrysanthemum Plants Care
The first step to Chrysanthemum plant care is being able to determine the right time to plant it. Now, the Chrysanthemum is a perennial plant and will naturally flourish if grown in the month of spring, the advent of the growing season for plants. When you plant a Chrysanthemum plant during the spring season, the plant gets enough time, throughout the summers and the fall, to allow the root system to strengthen up. This makes the plant tough enough to survive even in the harsh winters.
Chrysanthemums are known to be plants that love the sunlight. It is important to ensure that the plant gets at least 6 hours of bright sunlight every day, without fail. The more sunlight it gets, the healthier the plant is and the faster it blooms. However, if your region experiences scorching afternoon heat, you can expose the plant to partial shade for a little time in the day.
You must maintain an even moisture level in the plant for it to grow well. Water the plant regularly during the spring and summer season, just enough to ensure that the soil remains moist and does not turn too dry or too soggy. In winters, refrain from watering the plant if the soil feels frozen. Wait for the soil to warm up before watering. While watering, make sure that you water just the base of the plant and not from the top as the water can easily get trapped in the thick foliage of the plant.
The soil requirements of the Chrysanthemum are pretty basic as it can be grown in almost any kind of soil. However, the plant tends to grow best when planted in some good quality well-draining soil that has a consistent moisture level. Soil that is of a rather hard consistency hinders the strong establishment of roots, while too much soggy soil might lead to root rot. So, make sure that the soil you use is in the middle level, neither too hard nor too soggy.
Fertilization is an essential requirement in all plants, especially the ones that are potted. So naturally, Chrysanthemums too require fertilization, and they are quite heavy feeders. They need to be consistently fertilized during spring and the early summers. Use it once a month during the growing season, and completely avoid fertilization during the fall and the winters.
Perennial Chrysanthemum Varieties
Thanks to the beautiful blooms, Chrysanthemums have many different subspecies. Most of the subspecies are herbs or subshrubs and are perennial. Let us have a look at some of the most popular perennial chrysanthemum varieties.
Some prominent examples of the varieties of Chrysanthemums are stated below.
- Chrysanthemum Anastasia Green
- Chrysanthemum Indicum
- Chrysanthemum Morifolium
- Chrysanthemum Sepurbum Alaska
- Japanese Chrysanthemum
When are Mums Grown in Season
Chrysanthemum plants are of two kinds- perennials and annuals. The perennial varieties of the plant can bloom season after season and can last for years, but only with proper care.
However, the annual varieties can bloom only once. They might very well last through a year. But once faded, annual Chrysanthemums cannot bloom again.
Chrysanthemum Flowering Season in India
The Chrysanthemum flower, also known as the Shevanti flower or Chamanthi flower in India, bloom generally during the spring or the summer season.
Chrysanthemum tea is a rather popular herbal tea in different parts of the world. Consuming this herbal tea is very beneficial to the human body and can relieve one from several problems. It can cure several problems like cough, cold, headaches, sore throats, etc. It is also proven to improve mental health as it reduces anxiety and stress and helps to get rid of hypertension. Drinking the Chrysanthemum tea also helps to deal with skin conditions like Acne breakouts, boils, and skin allergies and even helps with Vertigo.
To prepare this Chrysanthemum tea at home, place some flowers in a closed vessel filled with boiling water. Let the vessel stay in place for around 10 minutes or so, allowing the sap of the flowers to release into the water. Just like that, your Chrysanthemum tea is ready.
You can also easily purchase Chrysanthemum tea from various stores or through sites online. But before you consume this tea, make sure that you have spoken about it to your physician.
Although Chrysanthemums are purchased as saplings or tiny plants, they can also be easily grown for Chrysanthemum seeds. This is an easy process that is quite beneficial that saves you from spending money to grow another Chrysanthemum.
Here’s how you can do it.
- Soak the seeds in some water for around 24 hours to soften the seed coating. This allows the plant to sprout out from the seed sooner.
- Layer around two inches of the planter with some pebbles or gravel for drainage. Fill the planter with some good quality potting soil.
- Gently place the seeds inside the soil, ensuring that they are at least 2 to 3 inches deep. Also, do not plant two or more seeds too close to each other.
- Water the soil enough to make it moist and place the planter at a sunny spot in the house.
With the proper care, the chrysanthemum leaveswill start sprouting in around 6 to 8 weeks.
‘Hardy Chrysanthemums’ is one term that you might have heard if you purchased your Mums plant from a nursery or a gardening centre. But have you ever wondered what the term hardy implies?
Even though it comes off as a complicated term, hardy chrysanthemums just refer to the kind of Mums that are capable enough to survive even the coldest of the weather, even winters that go way down minus degrees. These mums are very efficient, saving you the trouble of going through pains to make sure that it lasts the winters.
There are many different ways to propagate a Chrysanthemum plant. They can be propagated through pinching, staking, stem cuttings, etc.
Mums propagation can easily be carried out, through the easy process of division, roughly every 3 or 4 years. Division can easily be done if you feel that your Mums have stopped growing and seem stuck.
How to prune a potted Mum?
Although most people refer to it as pruning, Chrysanthemums only require a sort of pinching as a part of the pruning process. This pinching becomes necessary during the growing season as it helps the plant branch out and produces more blooms.
The pinching is best started when the plant attains a height of at least 6 inches. During the spring season, pinch an inch off the shoots of the plant. Repeat this process after every 2 to 3 weeks, until the summer season sets in.
It is also essential to deadhead the flowers once they fade away, to encourage the development of more blooms. Also, if your plant seems to have died out during the winters, let it stay undisturbed instead of getting rid of it. Many studies have proved that Chrysanthemums that die naturally can come off once again as stronger plants.
Here we have answered some FAQS to help you learn more.
Does chrysanthemum mean death?
People in several European nations, like Austria, Italy and Belgium, believe that the Chrysanthemum plant symbolizes death. In these nations, Chrysanthemums are exchanged as a sign of bereavement.
What do chrysanthemums represent?
Generally, Chrysanthemums are believed to represent fidelity, joy, longevity and optimism. Several other meanings can be attached following the colour of the different Chrysanthemum blooms.
Do chrysanthemums come back every year?
Yes, the perennial varieties of the plant can bloom year after year, if taken proper care of. However, make sure that you deadhead the faded flowers to encourage more blooms in the plant.
Do chrysanthemums bloom all year?
Annual varieties of the Chrysanthemum can bloom all year. They are the right choice of plants to have at home as they can easily add a pop of colour to any room.
What is the scientific name of chrysanthemum?
The scientific name of Chrysanthemum is Chrysanthemum.
What are the benefits of the chrysanthemum flower?
There are many benefits of the Chrysanthemum flower. It can cure several problems like cough, cold, headaches, sore throats, etc. It is also proven to improve mental health as it reduces anxiety and stress and helps to get rid of hypertension.
How to grow a chrysanthemum flower?
To grow a Chrysanthemum flower, make sure you take proper care of the plant. However, if the plant still doesn’t bloom, you can resort to using growth-promoting hormones on the plant.
Is it possible for hardy mums to grow in partial shade?
Hardy mums can easily handle some amount of partial shade. But it will always seem to crouch in the direction of sunlight and thus, might turn saggy. Thus, you should place the plant in bright sunlight.
Are chrysanthemum and dandelion the same?
No, Chrysanthemum and Dandelion are two completely different plants. However, they belong to the same plant family called Asteraceae.