Growing and Caring for Oak Trees: Identifying Different Varieties of the Oak Plant in India

Growing and Caring for Oak Trees: Identifying Different Varieties of the Oak Plant in India

Can survive centuries

Oaks are some of the most common tree species in the world. Oak trees are increasingly found in forests and woods all around the world. Belonging to the genus Quercus, the Oaktree belongs to the plant family called Fagaceae.

Size of Oak Tree: Oak Tree Height

Grows around 60 feet tall

The big Oak trees are instantly a huge attraction. The huge Oak trees can easily fill and even liven up a garden. The tough and enduring Oak trees can easily survive for decades.

An oak tree can easily grow around 60 feet tall. However, the strong and sinuous branches of the Oak trees can easily spread up to a distance of 120 feet wide. The trunk of the Oaktree alone can grow up to a diameter of 6 feet.

Examining Oak Leaves

Help to distinguish between Red and White Oaks

The Oak leaves play an important role in aiding the determination of Oak species. Now, the oak species can be widely divided into two kinds-

  • Red Oak
  • White Oak

Taking a closer look can help in successfully finding out the species that a particular Oaktree belongs to. If the Oak leaves have pointed lobes with tiny bristles around the leaf-tips then the tree undoubtedly is a Red Oaktree. And, if the Oak leaves' lobes are rounded then that particular tree is a White Oak.

Shrub Oak Plant

Native to the Northern Hemisphere, Oaks are found in several deciduous as well as evergreen varieties. Oak trees are popular trees but certain varieties can also very well grow as shrubs.

Weight of Oak Wood

A popular by-product

Oakwood is a popular by-product of Oak trees that is often used for different construction-related purposes. It is known to be a better substitute for general wood.

The weight of Oakwood can be different as per the variety of the Oaktree.

Oak Tree Uses

Offers a variety of uses

Oak trees are rather popular all around the world. The tree is also popularly used by a large number of people to serve different purposes. There are several uses of the oak tree that help to serve different purposes. Here is a look at the common uses of an Oak tree.

  • Due to its resistance to insect and fungal attacks, Oakwood is often used in the construction of fine furniture.
  • Oakwood is known to be very strong. It is used in the manufacture of ships, flooring and even drums.
  • Oak trees are also popularly used to produce barrels of brandy, whiskey, wine and other liquors as Oak are known to add flavour to liquors.
  • The bark of certain Oak trees is used to develop stoppers for wine, brandy, other liquors and even olive oils.
  • The bark of certain Oak bark varieties is often dried to use in several medicinal preparations.

Growing an Oak Tree at Home

Easy to grow

Growing an Oak tree at home is no major task. It is an achievable feat that can be acquired quite effortlessly.

  • To start an oak tree from scratch, you can buy some acorns from a nearby nursery. Or, if you have an already growing Oaktree, you can collect the acorns as they fall. However, do not collect acorns from the first fall. Instead, wait for the second flush.
  • The germination rate of acorns can be quite low. So, see to it that you do not satisfy yourself with just a few of them. Instead, collect some handfuls to ensure that you do not run out of them.
  • Do not use acorns that have tiny holes on the surface. These holes might be a sign of the acorns housing insects. Also, discard acorns that are mouldy or are losing their colour. You can also try removing the cap of mature acorns to inspect the acorns more closely.
  • Soak the acorns in a container filled with water. Let the acorns stay soaked in water overnight. The next day, you will spot that the damaged and immature acorns are floating on the water base and you can easily scoop them out and discard them.
  • If you are growing a White Oak tree, the acorns can be planted right after soaking. But Red Oak trees need to undergo a process called stratification.
  • In the process of stratification, the Red Oak acorns need to be sealed in a zip lock bag filled with some slightly damp peat moss and sawdust.
  • Let the acorns rest there for eight weeks. Check-in every week to spot signs of moulding. Remove moulded acorns and let the bag stay open for some time if you see signs of moulding.
  • Meanwhile, prepare a planter for growing the plant. Make sure that the planter is at least 12 inches deep and fill it with some well-draining and good quality potting soil. Plant the acorn at least an inch deep in the planter. You can grow separate acorns in separate planters.

Replant the Oak tree in a separate planter, or the ground, once it outgrows the current planter.

Oak Tree Adaptations: Caring for Oak Trees

Easy to care for

The Oaktree is known to adapt well in almost all conditions. However, some basic precautionary care tips need to be ensured to take optimum care of the plant.

Here is a list of some of the basic care requirements that, if followed, can make caring for an Oak tree a piece of cake.

  • Caging the Plant:The Oak trees are now facing a sharp decline as they have turned into a popular delicacy for most of the wildlife. So, if you are growing an Oak tree in your backyard or front yard, your Oaktree saplings are susceptible to turning into a meal for a goat or a similar animal. To prevent this, you can place fenced cages around the plant.
  • The Ideal Planter:An ideal planter for growing an Oak tree is neither too large nor too small as per the current size of the planter. Make sure that the planter is at least 12 inches deep to finely accumulate the roots of the plant. Also, see to it that the planter has enough drainage holes at the bottom to flush out the excess water that could otherwise cause serious harm to the plant.
  • Potting Mix for the Plant:There is usually not much to worry about the kind of potting mix required to grow Oak trees. However, they love growing in a potting mix that consists of clay, loam and sand. Oak trees also prefer to grow in slightly acidic soil. Make sure that the potting mix drains well and consists of some organic matter.
  • Meeting the Light Needs:Oak trees are known to love the full sun. They prefer growing in exposure to lots and lots of bright sunlight. If you are hoping to grow an Oak tree indoors, choose a spot that receives sunlight for most of the day. If grown in partial shade, the plant will experience very slow growth and is most likely to not survive.
  • Watering the Plant: Oak trees do not require watering that often. When planted outdoors, Oak trees are known to require watering only in the prolonged absence of rainfall. Remember, if the consistency of the soil is consistently dry, the Oaktree will most probably not be able to develop strong roots. Take care that you do not end up over-watering or even under-watering the plant.
  • Temperature and Humidity:The Oaktree is known to survive well in normal temperatures, in temperatures that are suitable for human sustenance as well. The ideal temperature range for ensuring a healthy growth for Oak trees is between 40 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. In prolonged exposure to temperatures below 32 degrees Fahrenheit, the plant will not be able to survive for long.
  • Fertilizing the Plant:Fertilizing a plant is an important step in aiding the plant to meet all its necessary nutrient requirements. However, it is advisable to not fertilize an Oak tree for the first two years after planting. Even after the completion of the two years, fertilize the plant only if the Oak leaves seem pale or the growth rate of the tree is not satisfactory.
  • Pruning the Plant: Pruning is one of the most necessary steps in growing and caring for an Oak tree. Pruning helps to get rid of unhealthy growth and also maintain a desired shape and size while growing an Oak tree indoors. Pruning the Oak tree in the first 3 years is necessary to avoid attracting insects. Avoid pruning in early spring as well as the first summer month.

Oak Trees in India

Oak trees are known to be diverse tree species. It is known to consist of more than 160 different species. Here is a list of some varieties of popular and common Oak trees in India.

Desert Oak Tree

A slow-growing tree

The Desert Oak is known to be a slow-growing tree. The young desert Oak trees often look quite similar to Christmas trees. But as they mature, the Desert Oaktree is known to form large canopies. A desert Oak can easily live around 700 years.

QuercusSuber

Also known as Cork Oaktree

The Quercus Sober is more popularly referred to as the Cork Oak as the bark of the Quercus Sober is used in the preparation of stoppers for various beverage bottles. The QuercusSuber is native to Northwest Africa and Southwest Europe.

Red Oak Tree

Willow Oak is a kind of Red Oak

The Red Oak trees are identifiable by the pointed lobes of the leaves and the tiny bristles around the tips of the leaves. The acorns of the Red oak trees easily take up to two years to mature. Examples of Red oak trees are Black Oak, Pin Oak, Willow Oak, etc.

Silver Oak Tree

Not a true Oak

Native to the east coasts of Australia, the Silver Oaktree is not a true Oak variety. As it is not a true Oak, the Silver Oaktree does not produce acorns. Instead, the Silver Oak tree belongs to the plant family called Proteaceae.

White Oak Tree/ Oak White

Bur oak is a kind of White Oak

The White Oak trees are marked by their rounded leaf lobes. The leaves of the White Oak tree are usually known to be smooth to touch. The acorns of Oak White can mature in just a year. Examples of White Oak trees are Bur Oak, Post Oak, White Oak, etc.

FAQS

What is special about an oak tree?

The big Oak trees are instantly a huge attraction. The huge Oak trees can easily fill and even liven up a garden. The tough and enduring Oak trees can easily survive for decades.

Is an oak tree a good tree?

Yes, an Oaktree is a good tree. The tree is also popularly used by a large number of people to serve different purposes. There are several uses of the Oaktree that help to serve different purposes.

What type of tree is an oak tree?

The Oaktree is an evergreen tree. An oak tree can easily grow around 60 feet tall. However, the strong and sinuous branches of the Oak trees can easily spread up to a distance of 120 feet wide.

Why are oak trees important?

Oak trees are important as they help to serve different purposes. Different parts of the plant can be employed to acquire different benefits.

What is the use of the oak plant?

The Oaktree is popularly used by a large number of people to serve different purposes. There are several uses of the Oaktree that help to serve different purposes.

Is oak plant poisonous?

Yes, the Oak plant is known to be poisonous. The plant is poisonous in all stages of growth. However, the toxicity increases as the leaves and buds open up in the spring season.

Is oak grown in India?

Yes, Oak is grown in India.

Where do oaks grow?

Oak trees love the full sun and thus prefer growing under the bright sunlight. The plant does best in temperatures between 40 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

Is there any difference between a maple tree and an oak tree?

The one difference between an oak tree and a maple tree is that the bark of the oak tree is much rougher than that of a maple tree.

What types of oak trees grow in India?

Types of oak trees that grow in India are Cork Oak, Desert Oak, Red Oak, White Oak, etc.

 


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