Daffodils : Plant Care & Growing Guide

Daffodils: Plant Care & Growing Guide

 Daffodils are one of the prettiest flowers you can get for your home garden. Also known as the trumpet narcissus, this bulb-forming plant is from the amaryllis family. The trumpet-like flowers are native to the northern part of Europe and are generally grown in temperate regions all over the world. You’d find many colour variations to choose from, namely the yellow, white, pink, and orange variations.

Daffodil flower

Bloom for 6 to 8 weeks

They are perennial flowers that can grow about 16 inches long. Each of the daffodil plants can have 5 or 6 linear leaves and they are about 12 inches long. The stem of the plant would bloom one large daffodil flower. The narcissus flower multiplies quite fast and they bloom each spring every year. They are quite easy to grow- they would grow in sun or would even thrive in partial shade. You’d find several daffodil flowers type- the trumpets, the split cups, the large cups, doubles, and the jonquillas, with the trumpet shape being the most popular. They can bloom for about 6 to 8 weeks every year. The narcissus jonquilla is one of the most popular flowers suitable for both indoors and outdoors. Imagine having a daffodil garden, won’t that always leave a nice impression on your visitors?

The larger stems which are about 14 to 16 cm bulbs produce more stems than the smaller ones with about 12 to 14 cm bulbs. You can also observe different bulbs each year which depends on the weather conditions. Some of the daffodil flowers produce larger bulbs than the others. Always try and purchase the one with the largest daffodil bulbs. They aren’t too fussy about the soil type and can grow almost anywhere, just don’t plant them in soggy soil.

Just put the daffodil plant anywhere from the yard to the entryways and they would gift you the prettiest flowers.  The welcoming vibe will always attract guests and visitors. If you prefer a more formal look at them, plant them in blocks and ensure that you keep each of the varieties separate. Combine different colours, shapes, and sizes for your daffodil garden.

When to plant daffodil plants?

The best time you can purchase daffodils and plant them is in the fall. This is generally in September or late November but this can vary depending on where you live. The soil needs to be cooled off, that’s why daffodil plants love to be planted in this season. The ideal soil temperature to plant the narcissus pseudonarcissus or the narcissus poeticus is 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Otherwise, the plant might get rot. So make sure you meet these requirements.

Daffodil bulb

They are the most perennial flower bulbs across the world. A spring garden without the daffodil bulbs is bereft. They are quite easy to grow and are magnificently beautiful. The daffodil bulb blooms the best in the first spring and with each passing year, they gift more flowers if they are properly taken care of. You can plant them in flower beds, or woodlands, or in gardens. Just wait and enjoy the floral parade they are gonna bring each year.

Proper care of daffodils

Daffodil doesn’t need too much care. They just need the basic requirements and some of your time. As said, you need to plant them between the mid-fall to the early winter to get the best results. Dig a hole of about 6 inches deep and set the bulb pointy side up. Next, cover the bulb with soil. Remember to water the area if it is dry. Don’t overwater though, check the dryness of the soil. To enjoy the plants as much as you can do select varieties which are gonna bloom at different times. As you observe a flower fading, you’ll always have a new flower growing. This will maintain the charm of your garden.

Remember that the daffodil flower is hardy in zones 3-8. They grow every spring, but that doesn’t mean that you need to dig them out at the end of the season, they are gonna bloom again next year with the right care. Next year, you are gonna observe an increase in the number of flowers as well. Just snap off the spent blooms once you see the flowers being wilted. This makes your garden look clean.

Comes back every year with increasing quantity

The bulbs of the plant usually use their foliage to create food and energy. This helps them grow again the next year. That’s why you need to allow the foliage to grow, it will die back naturally, you don’t need to look now and then. You’d observe the green colour fading from the leaves, this is a sign that you need to remove them with a tug, they can also be trimmed back to the soil level.

Daffodils usually produce about 2 to 3 flowers the first year, the number would increase every year. But remember that the clumps of daffodils can eventually get crowdy - this can decrease the flower production rate. You need to dig the bulbs up and replant them separately then. Do this when the foliage is green – within a month of flowering. Blooming daffodils is always a refreshment.

If you observe low performance from the bulbs, you can use a low-nitrogen or high potassium fertilizer. Always water late-flowering plants in dry weather in spring, remember that the flowers can abort in dry conditions. Cut back the long grasses if your daffodil flower is growing in some grassy areas. Add bonemeal to the soil when the daffodils are gone by for the next year.

The flower is rodent-proof, not many animals like the taste of the plants. Remember that the flowers are toxic to pets, so keep them away.

Daffodil origin

The daffodils are native to the northern part of the European continent. They are generally grown in the temperate parts of the world.

Spring-Flowering Bulbs

The spring bulbs are also known as the hardy bulbs. They are generally planted in the fall and they like spending the winter in the ground. One can see them flowering in the spring – so the name. the daffodil flower is one among them, the others are tulips, hyacinth, allium, irises, and the crocus. They need several weeks of cold temperature to break their dormancy, then you can see them growing to their full potential. The other type of bulbs is the summer bulb.

White and yellow daffodils

The flowers can be differentiated based on daffodil colour. The white daffodil and the yellow daffodil are the most famous varieties. There’s also a mix of them, with the outer part of the flower being white and the inner being yellow. There are a lot of different types of white and yellow daffodils.

Poet’s daffodil

The most popular ones are known as the Poeticus daffodils or the poet’s daffodil. They are one of the first daffodils to be cultivated.

Famous for a pleasant aroma

They can grow quite fast and they give off a pleasant aroma. They are surrounded by the small yellow cup with a red edging. This flower is also used in perfumes, that’s how beautiful the fragrance is.

Ice follies

Popular in the Netherlands

They are showy flowers and grow on tall stems in the early to mid-spring. One can find the frilled yellow cup accents with the 6 white and snowy petals. The Netherlands has fields full of these daffodils. They can grow about 18 to 20 inches long.

Crewenna daffodil

Classic trumpet shape

They like full sun to partial shade and can grow up to 18 to 20 inches long. They bear the classic trumpet shape and are a great appeal to many gardeners. They feature a centre cup that is long as the outer petals. They tend to appear in March instead of sporadic frosts.

Daffodil seeds

Daffodils generally grow from their bulbs. The growth of the flowers from seeds isn’t very common. You need a lot of time and patience for that. Turning the seed into a blooming plant can take more than 5 years or so. That’s the same reason for it being an uncommon practice.

Colours of daffodils

As said, there are different colours of the daffodil plant. They come in different shades of yellow, orange, pink, and white. The golden daffodil is the most famous colour with shades of yellow and orange. The so-called pink shades of the flowers are not pink but are a result of shades of yellow and orange only.

Planting daffodils in pots

Daffodils can be grown in pots. You just need to place one medium-sized bulb ( take the larger size when you plant them directly in the soil ) in say a gallon pot. If you take smaller-sized bulbs, you can take about 3-4  bulbs in 2-gallon pots as well. With time, the bulb would raise its head out of the soil, carefully dump at the soil to replant the bulb at a lower level in the same pot itself. Water it once the soil gets dry.


What do daffodil flowers symbolize?

As they come back every spring every year, they are the symbols of rebirth and hope. They symbolize new life and being a strong survivor.

What kind of flower is a daffodil?

Daffodil is a perennial flower which is a bulb forming plant from the amaryllis family. They are native to northern Europe. They grow in temperate climates.

What month do daffodils bloom?

Daffodils generally bloom in the spring. For that, you need to plant them in the fall before the ground freezes.

Why are daffodils poisonous?

Parts of the daffodil flower contain a toxic chemical known as lycorine. The highest concentration is in the bulb. Eating the chemical can cause nausea and vomiting.

Where does daffodil grow best?

Daffodil grows best in the temperate parts of the world. The hardy zone of the plant is 3-8.

How long do daffodil flowers last?

Daffodil flowers last about 6 to 8 weeks every spring. They come back in the spring of next year with an increase in the number of flowers.

What does a daffodil cure?

People often take the daffodil plant to cure whooping coughs, colds, and many asthma patients take the plant also.

How to care for daffodils after blooming?

Always take care of your daffodils after they bloom and never remove them as they are gonna come back the next year. Feed them with low-nitrogen fertilizers. Add bonemeal to the soil

How to revive a wilting daffodil?

Cut off the last inch of the stem, submerge the plant under tepid water at a sharp angle while doing so. This would prevent air bubbles and increase water flow to the flower.

Can you leave daffodil bulbs in the ground all year?

Yes, you can leave the bulbs in the ground all year. They are perennial plants and they would be coming back every year.

Is there a difference between a narcissus and a daffodil?

Daffodils are members of the genus Narcissus.


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