How to Grow Spurge Plants at Home

The spurge plant is from the genus Euphobia. They are from the family of Euphorbiaceae, the family is big with about 2100 species. The Euphorbia lactea species are used as drugs, weeds, and even in ornamentation. The famous tall one-meter tall European caper spurge which also goes by the name of Euphorbia lathyris – the seeds are often used for bringing in a laxative effect. The species of this plant can be found in parts of Africa and India as well.
The Euphorbia plants can vary from flat creeping herbs to shrubs and trees as well. All of them differ by something, some of them are thorny succulents that look like a true cactus, others would have the milky and poisonous saps. The floral structure of the plants is a bit unusual. They only consist of the female reproductive structure. The pistil is surrounded by numerous male flowers each having one stamen each. The flowers are enclosed in a cup-shaped structure and have about 5 lobes and a grand on each of the leaflike structures. The fruits are explosive capsules with 3 seeds.
Euphorbia lactea ghost

Turns white with maturity
They are commonly known as the White Ghost. The picture is enough to explain the reason. With maturity, the plant often turns white and thus the name. The plant can reach a height of 10 feet with maturity. The plant mostly branches out from the top, so you need to take care of it and provide it with enough support. The white ghost euphorbia is succulents and needs average watering like any other succulents. Apply the soak and dry method while watering. They prefer full sun and can be grown both indoors and outdoors. They don’t like overwatering. They like warm climates and can be grown in zone 10a to 11b. if you live in a cold area, plant them indoors. You can propagate the plant by grafting, offsets, and from their seeds. The white ghost is a cultivator of Euphorbia Lactea.
Euphorbia types
There are a lot of different types of Euphorbia. Let us take a closer look at the popular ones –
Poinsettia



Blazing red leaves
They popularly go by the name of Poinsettia, having a botanical name of Euphorbia pulcherrima. They have shrubby nature with upright succulent stems. The beautiful blazing red leaves look like charming flowers. You can grow this beautiful houseplant quite easily.
Pencil Cactus



Cylindrical shaped branches
They are quite popular worldwide. The botanical name being Euphorbia tirucalli thrives in hardiness zones between 11 and 12. They have cylindrical-shaped branches which give them the shape of a pencil. They usually have a greenish colour, but keeping them in full sun can give you the beautiful fiery red hue.
The crown of thorns



Pink, red, and yellow flowers
With the botanica name of Euphorbia milii, the plant can grow in USDA zones 9 to 11. They are bushy and are grown as houseplants. They come in different varieties with flower colours being pink, red, and yellow.
Wood Spurge


Attractive yellow flowers
The botanical name of this Euphorbia species is Euphorbia amygfaloides. They are one of the evergreen varieties. They generally bloom attractive yellow flowers during late spring and can grow up to 1 to 2 feet tall.
Cushion Spurge

Cushion like foliage
The cushion spurge is famous for its yellow blooms. The clumping perennial plants go by the botanical name of Euphorbia polychrome and are found in USDA zones of 4 to 8. The foliage is quite dense and has a cushion-like look.
Leafless Spurge

Leafless stems in green, blue, and yellow varieties
The Euphorbia aphylla features leafless light grey-green, blue-green, and yellow-green stems. They grow on a short trunk. The yellow flowers of this plant generally open in clusters.
Cliff Spurge

Dull green and round hairy leaves
They grow in USDA zones 10a to 11b and have a botanical name of Euphorbia misera. They feature 3 to 4 feet upright branched stems and have dull green and round hairy leaves in them. The flowers are yellow and some of them also bloom white flowers.
Indian Spurge

Bell-shaped yellow and red flowers
The Indian spurge tree goes by the name of Euphorbia neriifolia. They grow in USDA zones of 10a to 11b. they are beautiful prickly succulent shrubs and can grow 1 to 3 feet tall. The thick stems and green leaves look great when taken care of. They can have bell-shaped yellow-green and red flowers in the spring.
Snowbush

Comes with a sweet fragrance
Euphorbia leucocephala generally thrives in 10 to 11 hardiness zones. The appearance of the plant justifies the name. the shrub blooms white flowers and leaves sweet fragrance too.
Euphorbia lactea brown spots

High heat breaks down chlorophyll
Brown spots on the euphorbia lactea aren’t something uncommon. Most of the euphorbias are grown in controlled greenhouse conditions. They are grown in soft lighting conditions and then when they are moved outside and put under full sun. The high heat breaks down the chlorophyll, the most exposed side of the plant gets sunburned. The special proteins present in the plant are called UVRB. This protein can help recognize and damage the UV-B rays. These unexpected sunburns can be the reason behind those brown spots. Also, sometimes, the water droplets because of the sunburns get magnified during the Fall in dense fog-like environments.
To avoid sunburn, place the plant in an area where it will be protected from the sun especially during the hottest part of the day. Always buy your cactus euphorbia lacteal from a nursery where the plant has been fed sunlight since the very beginning.
Elkhorn cactus care
Commonly known as the crested euphorbia or the coral cactus. The scientific name of this plant is Euphorbia neriifolia. For hotter areas, always give them a filter from the sun or a little bit of shade. Water the plant when the soil is dry and about 2 to 4 inches deep. The temperature should be about 60 to 85 degrees optimal. Remember that the plant likes humidity and good airflow, so keep them in humid places and don’t allow them to get dry. Use the regular cactus potting mix to grow the plant and use a diluted balanced liquid fertilizer to provide them with the right amount of nutrients. Grow the coral cactus in zones 10-11, move them indoors always in the cooler months. Opt for a window to grow the crested euphorbia lacteal indoors wherever they get a good amount of sunlight for at least 3 to 5 hours a day.
Euphorbia lactea monstrose

Has a twisted mutation type
This is native to Asia. Montrose does sound scary it has a twisted mutation. The growth points of this plant are all over the surface. So the growth is disorderly, the new stems or leaves can grow from anywhere. This is also a crested form of euphorbia. These are shrubs and are about 2 meters tall. They are not edible like the other euphorbias and contain poisonous milky latex.
Euphorbia lactea common name
The common name of the euphorbia lacteal includes mottled spurge, candelabra spurge, false cactus, frilled fan, dragon bones, hatrack cactus.
Euphorbia lactea dragon bones

Tiny heart-shaped leaves
These plants are a little bit unusual. The triangular branches of the plant form an eclectic scaffold on which the tiny heart-shaped leaves are found. The leaves are greeny and have numerous reddish-pink spines on them. They produce latex milky sap and are toxic. Always use gloves while handling the euphorbia. The plant can achieve a height of about 6 feet and grow 3 feet wide in containers. It can grow up to 15 feet tall if planted in the ground.
Euphorbia lactea benefits
They have shown anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour, and anti-viral activities. They are also said to be pest repellent and can be used in gardens for the same. They can also be used as a sedative and to heal wounds.
Euphorbia lactea height
The euphorbia lacteal can be 2 feet tall and the maximum height it can attain is 15 feet. It can be 2 to 5 inches wide as well.
FAQs
What are some of the coolest succulent plants?
The string of pearls, Euphorbia, panda plant, zebra plant, prickly pear, aloe vera is some of the coolest succulents.

How poisonous is Euphorbia?
The spines of the euphorbia are poisonous. So ensure that you use a glove while taking care of the plant.

How do you look after Euphorbia Lactea?
Give the plant full sun to some amount of shades when the heat is too much. Water when you observe the soil to be dry and use a cactus soil mix for the plant.

Why is my Euphorbia Lactea turning yellow?
It may be because it is receiving too much water. Both overwatering and underwatering can be the reason. Also, save the plant from the scorching afternoon heat.

How often do you water Euphorbia Lactea?
The plant has typical watering needs. Use the soak and dry method while watering the plant, water them as soon as the soil gets dry.

Does the Euphorbia plant cause cancer?
The milii latex of the plant contains tumour-encouraging substances. They may pose a carcinogenic hazard, so use gloves when you go near them.

Are all succulents cacti or are all cacti succulents?
All cacti are succulents but not every succulent are cacti.

How do you care for a gasteria succulent?
Allow the soil to dry out before you water them. Use a rich and sandy type of soil so that there is a good drainage system. Provide them bright and indirect sunlight.

Turns white with maturity
They are commonly known as the White Ghost. The picture is enough to explain the reason. With maturity, the plant often turns white and thus the name. The plant can reach a height of 10 feet with maturity. The plant mostly branches out from the top, so you need to take care of it and provide it with enough support. The white ghost euphorbia is succulents and needs average watering like any other succulents. Apply the soak and dry method while watering. They prefer full sun and can be grown both indoors and outdoors. They don’t like overwatering. They like warm climates and can be grown in zone 10a to 11b. if you live in a cold area, plant them indoors. You can propagate the plant by grafting, offsets, and from their seeds. The white ghost is a cultivator of Euphorbia Lactea.
Euphorbia types
There are a lot of different types of Euphorbia. Let us take a closer look at the popular ones –
Poinsettia

Blazing red leaves
They popularly go by the name of Poinsettia, having a botanical name of Euphorbia pulcherrima. They have shrubby nature with upright succulent stems. The beautiful blazing red leaves look like charming flowers. You can grow this beautiful houseplant quite easily.
Pencil Cactus

Cylindrical shaped branches
They are quite popular worldwide. The botanical name being Euphorbia tirucalli thrives in hardiness zones between 11 and 12. They have cylindrical-shaped branches which give them the shape of a pencil. They usually have a greenish colour, but keeping them in full sun can give you the beautiful fiery red hue.
The crown of thorns

Pink, red, and yellow flowers
With the botanica name of Euphorbia milii, the plant can grow in USDA zones 9 to 11. They are bushy and are grown as houseplants. They come in different varieties with flower colours being pink, red, and yellow.
Wood Spurge


Attractive yellow flowers
The botanical name of this Euphorbia species is Euphorbia amygfaloides. They are one of the evergreen varieties. They generally bloom attractive yellow flowers during late spring and can grow up to 1 to 2 feet tall.
Cushion Spurge

Cushion like foliage
The cushion spurge is famous for its yellow blooms. The clumping perennial plants go by the botanical name of Euphorbia polychrome and are found in USDA zones of 4 to 8. The foliage is quite dense and has a cushion-like look.
Leafless Spurge

Leafless stems in green, blue, and yellow varieties
The Euphorbia aphylla features leafless light grey-green, blue-green, and yellow-green stems. They grow on a short trunk. The yellow flowers of this plant generally open in clusters.
Cliff Spurge

Dull green and round hairy leaves
They grow in USDA zones 10a to 11b and have a botanical name of Euphorbia misera. They feature 3 to 4 feet upright branched stems and have dull green and round hairy leaves in them. The flowers are yellow and some of them also bloom white flowers.
Indian Spurge

Bell-shaped yellow and red flowers
The Indian spurge tree goes by the name of Euphorbia neriifolia. They grow in USDA zones of 10a to 11b. they are beautiful prickly succulent shrubs and can grow 1 to 3 feet tall. The thick stems and green leaves look great when taken care of. They can have bell-shaped yellow-green and red flowers in the spring.
Snowbush

Comes with a sweet fragrance
Euphorbia leucocephala generally thrives in 10 to 11 hardiness zones. The appearance of the plant justifies the name. the shrub blooms white flowers and leaves sweet fragrance too.
Euphorbia lactea brown spots

High heat breaks down chlorophyll
Brown spots on the euphorbia lactea aren’t something uncommon. Most of the euphorbias are grown in controlled greenhouse conditions. They are grown in soft lighting conditions and then when they are moved outside and put under full sun. The high heat breaks down the chlorophyll, the most exposed side of the plant gets sunburned. The special proteins present in the plant are called UVRB. This protein can help recognize and damage the UV-B rays. These unexpected sunburns can be the reason behind those brown spots. Also, sometimes, the water droplets because of the sunburns get magnified during the Fall in dense fog-like environments.
To avoid sunburn, place the plant in an area where it will be protected from the sun especially during the hottest part of the day. Always buy your cactus euphorbia lacteal from a nursery where the plant has been fed sunlight since the very beginning.
Elkhorn cactus care
Commonly known as the crested euphorbia or the coral cactus. The scientific name of this plant is Euphorbia neriifolia. For hotter areas, always give them a filter from the sun or a little bit of shade. Water the plant when the soil is dry and about 2 to 4 inches deep. The temperature should be about 60 to 85 degrees optimal. Remember that the plant likes humidity and good airflow, so keep them in humid places and don’t allow them to get dry. Use the regular cactus potting mix to grow the plant and use a diluted balanced liquid fertilizer to provide them with the right amount of nutrients. Grow the coral cactus in zones 10-11, move them indoors always in the cooler months. Opt for a window to grow the crested euphorbia lacteal indoors wherever they get a good amount of sunlight for at least 3 to 5 hours a day.
Euphorbia lactea monstrose

Has a twisted mutation type
This is native to Asia. Montrose does sound scary it has a twisted mutation. The growth points of this plant are all over the surface. So the growth is disorderly, the new stems or leaves can grow from anywhere. This is also a crested form of euphorbia. These are shrubs and are about 2 meters tall. They are not edible like the other euphorbias and contain poisonous milky latex.
Euphorbia lactea common name
The common name of the euphorbia lacteal includes mottled spurge, candelabra spurge, false cactus, frilled fan, dragon bones, hatrack cactus.
Euphorbia lactea dragon bones

Tiny heart-shaped leaves
These plants are a little bit unusual. The triangular branches of the plant form an eclectic scaffold on which the tiny heart-shaped leaves are found. The leaves are greeny and have numerous reddish-pink spines on them. They produce latex milky sap and are toxic. Always use gloves while handling the euphorbia. The plant can achieve a height of about 6 feet and grow 3 feet wide in containers. It can grow up to 15 feet tall if planted in the ground.
Euphorbia lactea benefits
They have shown anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour, and anti-viral activities. They are also said to be pest repellent and can be used in gardens for the same. They can also be used as a sedative and to heal wounds.
Euphorbia lactea height
The euphorbia lacteal can be 2 feet tall and the maximum height it can attain is 15 feet. It can be 2 to 5 inches wide as well.
FAQs
What are some of the coolest succulent plants?
The string of pearls, Euphorbia, panda plant, zebra plant, prickly pear, aloe vera is some of the coolest succulents.

How poisonous is Euphorbia?
The spines of the euphorbia are poisonous. So ensure that you use a glove while taking care of the plant.

How do you look after Euphorbia Lactea?
Give the plant full sun to some amount of shades when the heat is too much. Water when you observe the soil to be dry and use a cactus soil mix for the plant.

Why is my Euphorbia Lactea turning yellow?
It may be because it is receiving too much water. Both overwatering and underwatering can be the reason. Also, save the plant from the scorching afternoon heat.

How often do you water Euphorbia Lactea?
The plant has typical watering needs. Use the soak and dry method while watering the plant, water them as soon as the soil gets dry.

Does the Euphorbia plant cause cancer?
The milii latex of the plant contains tumour-encouraging substances. They may pose a carcinogenic hazard, so use gloves when you go near them.

Are all succulents cacti or are all cacti succulents?
All cacti are succulents but not every succulent are cacti.

How do you care for a gasteria succulent?
Allow the soil to dry out before you water them. Use a rich and sandy type of soil so that there is a good drainage system. Provide them bright and indirect sunlight.




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