Growth and Care Tips for Syngonium Plants Indoors

Growth and Care Tips for Syngonium Plants Indoors

 

Day by day, houseplants are growing increasingly popular. Sure, most people involve plants in their décor to upgrade the look of the house. But only the real plant parents know that indoor plants are more than just that. Many indoor plants have the wonderful superpower to purify the air indoors, thus helping us breathe in a little fresher air.

One such plant is the Arrowhead plant. Not only does it enhance the beauty of a room but is also enriched with several other capabilities.

Arrowhead Plant

Also known as five fingers

Scientifically referred to as Syngonium, the Arrowhead plant is a member of the Araceae plant family. The plant naturally grows in tropical rainforests and is native to Central and South America, southern Mexico and West Indies.

Syngonium is known as the Arrowhead plant as the leaves of the plant, when they start growing, looks like a pointy arrowhead. As the leaves start growing out, they take up the shape of five fingers. And thus, the Arrowhead plant is sometimes also referred to as the Five Fingers plant.

The leaves of the plant, as they change shapes, also vary in colour. This colour change of the foliage is mostly affected by age or maturity. For example, the leaves, as they start, are of a dark green and white colour and then progress on to white, lime green and bright pink hues.

Syngonium Size

Syngonium is a fast-growing vine

The Arrowhead or Syngonium plant grows around 10 to 20 metres in height. The plant is an evergreen climber and sometimes can even surpass the general 20 metres of height. It is a fast-growing vine that can grow at a good pace when taken the right care of.

When planted at home, indoors, the plant generally grows up to around 3 to 6 feet tall, and around a foot or two wide.

Syngonium Plant Benefits

Has air-purifying properties

Here we have listed down some wonderful Syngonium plant benefits.

  • To start, Syngonium is one of the very few plants that can thrive in neglect. Not only the plant can thrive in neglect, but it is also said to be the best breeding condition for the Syngonium plant, given that the basic needs are settled on earlier.
  • The Arrowhead plant is a perfect natural air purifier. The plant can easily get rid of harmful toxins from the environment, especially indoors. This makes the indoors a much safer space.
  • The Arrowhead plant is also capable of increased oxygen production during the nightly hours. The increase in the level of oxygen helps in breathing and also promotes a good night’s sleep.
  • The Syngonium plant has relatively lesser care needs as compared to the other general houseplants. Thus, it is a great option for first-time plant parents or ever-so-forgetful gardeners.
  • Syngonium is also considered to be a perfect Feng Shui plant as per the Feng Shui enthusiasts. They believe that the plant strikes a perfect balance between the Yin and Yang energies and can repel anxiety, arguments, sleep disorders and stress.

Syngonium Plant Care

Easy to care for

The Syngonium plant requires some basic care which is easily attainable. Here is how you can easily care for a Syngonium plant.

  • Let it Climb: A creeper in nature, the Arrowhead plant tends to climb onto other plants in the wild. The plant, as it turns mature, starts trailing in an upward direction. At home, you can enhance the beauty of the plant, or the décor of a room, by letting it climb up on a moss stick or a pole of some sort.
  • The Right Planter: Make sure that the planter is just the right size for the plant, not too small or big. Also, make sure that the pot has enough drainage holes to let out the excess water and prevent harm to the plant. A clay pot or a terracotta planter is the best for Syngonium plants as they are quick to get rid of the excess water.
  • Preparing Potting Mix: One must always use a well-draining potting mix for growing an Arrowhead plant. A potting mix that consists of some quantity of soil is great for growing a Syngonium plant. Having a potting mix rich in organic matter is a bonus.
  • Sunlight Needs: Partial shade is the best kind of sunlight exposure for the Arrowhead plant. The plant can also do quite well in bright sunlight, but make sure that you use a filter of some sort, like a curtain, for instance. Always avoid bright sunlight from falling on the plant.
  • Watering the Plant: The Arrowhead plant requires regular watering during the growing season, that is the spring and summer months. In winters, the watering need is relatively much lesser. An ideal time for watering the plant is when it starts turning a little dry. Do not let the dryness take over the plant, nor keep it overly wet.
  • Temperature and Humidity: Native to the tropical regions, the Syngonium plants prefer a warm and humid environment to grow. The most preferred temperature level for growing the plant is above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Average humidity works well for the plant, but a little bit of moisture in the air works better.
  • Need for Fertilizers: A liquid and soluble fertilizer is the well-suited fertilizer for an Arrowhead plant. Fertilize the plant once a month in the growing seasons of spring and summer, and even during the fall. There is no fertilizing required during the cold winter months as it is the time of stunted growth.
  • Pruning the Plant: Pruning a Syngonium plant becomes necessary to avoid the plant from getting all over the place. It also helps to maintain the desired growth of the plant. Occasionally pinching the plant also helps to encourage the growth of the Syngonium plant.
  • Pests and Diseases: In the wild, the plant’s natural habitat, it grows to be quite resistant to pests. However, at home, the Syngonium plant is often grown close to other plants, making it prone to pests that affect the other plant. Treat the plant with Neem oil to get rid of any such pests.

Syngonium Varieties/ Syngonium Types

There are several different varieties of the Syngonium plant. Here, let us take a look at some of the most common and popular Syngonium types.

1.   Dwarf Syngonium/ Mini Syngonium

A mini version

The Dwarf Syngonium is more like a miniature version of the plant, especially that of Syngonium Podophyllum. True to its name, the Dwarf Syngonium grows to a much smaller size and maintains a compact status. Due to its size, the Dwarf Syngonium is perfect to be planted in small spaces around the house.

2.   Pink Syngonium Plant

A stand-out piece

The Pink Syngonium plant is named so as the lime green foliage of the plant has a good amount of pink scattered through the leaves. The bright foliage of the plant can easily draw attention to the plant, no matter what kind of environment it is placed in. Thus, the Pink Syngonium plant is a favourite among many plant parents.

3.   Syngonium Erythrophyllum

Discovered in Panama

Also known as the Red Arrowhead plant, Syngonium Erythrophyllum is an evergreen trailing plant. Native to the American tropical regions, the Syngonium Erythrophyllum was first discovered in Panama. This discovery has led the plant to be often referred to as the Syngonium Roadside plant.

4.   Syngonium Podophyllum/ Green Syngonium

Most common variety

Syngonium Podophyllum is hands-down the most cultivated variety of the Syngonium plant. It is the most common variety of Syngonium plants and thus, is often referred to just as Syngonium. So when you hear anyone talking about the Syngonium plant, they are most likely referring to Syngonium Podophyllum.

5.   Syngonium White Butterfly/ White Syngonium

A beautiful variety

The Syngonium White Butterfly is one of the most popular Syngonium plant varieties and hands-down the most beautiful variety of the Syngonium plant. The foliage of the plant is of a lesser greenish hue as compared o the other varieties. This light hue of the plant makes it great to be paired with bright walls and backgrounds.

6.   Variegated Syngonium

Multi-coloured foliage

Variegated Syngonium plants are most popular for their multi-coloured foliage. These plants are often exchanged as gifts and are quite easy to grow and care for. The plant grows at a fast pace during the summer and spring seasons but experiences stunted growth during the winters. The plant looks great when grown in hanging planters.

Groot Syngonium Plant

Adorable Groot

Groot is hands-down one of the most adorable characters in The Avengers world. The adoration and popularity of the character have made Groot planters a popular choice among the movie buff plant parents. The planter is suitable for all kinds of plants, but Syngonium looks best in it.

Syngonium in Water   

 

Submerge only the roots

Even though it sounds a little bizarre, Syngonium plants can also be grown in water. However, the plant does not survive if it is submerged in water. The right trick to growing the Syngonium plant in water is to make sure that just the roots are underwater.     

Syngonium Propagation

Stem cuttings grow easily

The most common and the easiest way for Syngonium propagation is through stem cuttings. The stem cuttings of the plant are great to promote growth as they establish roots easily and in a much shorter duration. The process becomes much easier if the mother plant has aerial roots attached along with the stems.

Here is a step-by-step procedure on Syngonium propagation.

  • Using a sterilized knife carefully cut off a stem from a healthy and mature Syngonium plant.
  • Gently place the cutting in a glass or pitcher of water for a few weeks.
  • In these few weeks, you will notice that roots have gradually started forming.
  • Wait for a month to allow the roots to strengthen up a bit. During this month, make sure that you top off the water every once in a while.
  • After the waiting period, replant the stem cutting in a planter and place it in the desired spot.

It is advisable to stay a little cautious if you have an Arrowhead plant at home as it is toxic to humans as well as animals. Thus, these plants are better placed at a spot that the children and pets can’t reach up to.

FAQS

Is Syngonium an indoor plant?

Syngonium is a fast-growing vine, native to the tropical regions of America. The plant can do quite well indoors as well. The Syngonium plant can thrive with little care and thus is a great choice indoors.

Does Syngonium need sunlight?

Always avoid bright sunlight from falling on the plant. Partial shade is the best kind of sunlight exposure for the Arrowhead plant. The plant can also do quite well in bright sunlight, but make sure that you use a filter of some sort, like a curtain, for instance.

What does Syngonium plant care involve?

To take care of a Syngonium plant, place it at a spot that allows just enough sunlight. Water the plant only when it starts turning dry, do not let the dryness completely take over the plant. Also, fertilize the plant once a month during spring, summer and fall.

Is Syngonium poisonous?

Yes, the Syngonium plant is toxic to both humans as well as animals. The effects can be minor or severe. Thus, it is always better to place the plant at a spot that is out of reach for kids and pets.

Is Syngonium a lucky plant?

Feng Shui enthusiasts believe that the Syngonium plant is lucky. They believe that the plant strikes a perfect balance between Yin and Yang. They also believe that the plant can help ward off anxiety, arguments, sleep disorders and stress

Is Syngonium plant poisonous?

Yes, the Syngonium plant is toxic to both humans as well as animals. The effects can be minor or severe. Thus, it is always better to place the plant at a spot that is out of reach for kids and pets.

How do you propagate a Syngonium plant?

The most common and the easiest way for Syngonium propagation is using stem cuttings. The stem cuttings of the plant are great to promote growth as they establish roots easily and in a much shorter duration.

How can a Syngonium plant be grown indoors?

You can easily make a Syngonium plant grow indoors as the plant is easy to care for. Just make sure that you get the basic care requirements right and then the plant can even thrive in neglect for a while.

 


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