Everything You Need to Know About the Easter Lily
The Easter lily has the botanical name Lilium longiflorum. The plant is endemic to Taiwan and Ryukyu islands in Japan. The Easter lily plant is a stem rooting lily and can grow up to 1 meter in height. The trumpet-shaped flowers leave a beautiful fragrance one can appreciate the whole day. The flowers face outwards. These plants generally tend to grow 50 to 100 cm tall. The long oval leaves have veins that enter in horizontal directions. The plant produces lovely flowers from April to June. The pure white flowers are generally produced on the top of the stems. The cylindrical-shaped stem has a diameter of about 5 cm.
There are some other varieties of the Easter lily which are taller than the said size. The cur flowers are what make them so popular choice for cultivation. They have irregular blooming periods and are sometimes forced to flowering in certain periods when cultivated. The flowers can be induced to flower for much longer days. Some of the Easter lily varieties cultivated in Bermuda are known as Bermuda lily.
The name Easter lily is called so because of its significance in Christianity. They are a symbol of the resurrection of Christ, this is celebrated among the Christians during Eastertide. As a reference of what Jesus himself said – “Consider the lilies how they grow: they toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.”
The Easter lily is a rich source of steroidal glycosides which contains bitter principles like 3,6′-di-feruloyl sucrose. Some of the Lilium species are toxic to cats. If you have cats at your place, keep them away from the Easter lily flower. Some of the toxic substances in the lily can cause damage to renal tubular epithelium which is responsible for acute kidney injury. If a cat is seen eating any part of the plant, it should immediately be given veterinary help.
Growing Easter lilies
Planting Easter lily is not something too hard. You can plant them in your garden or bring them indoors in a pot. Bringing them indoors, you just need to keep them near a window and keep them away from AC and heaters. Make sure the pot doesn’t collect water and there are enough drainage holes in them. Overwatering the plant can kill it. Growing Easter lily bulbs in the garden are obviously easier to take care of. Just make sure you plant them around 4 to 6 inches deep in the soil and maintain a space of about a foot. Don’t allow the soil to dry out, otherwise, you might have to face root rot. The lilies would need staking when they grow tall enough to keep them straight and upright. Potted plants don’t reach the maximum height, so they would work without staking. Once the flowers fade and wither, remove them. Once the plant has flowered, cut the whole stem down. When the stems or leaves are yellowed, they should be removed.
Easter lilies can grow in both full suns to partial shade. But protection from the scorching afternoon sun is recommended. Too strong sunlight can often burn the foliage or the leaves of the plant. Somehow, try to position the top portion of the plant in full sun and the bottom portion in shade. The plant prefers its roots to stay cool. You can also plant some shorter plants around the lily or try applying some mulch over the roots.
The Easter lily plant likes to stay moist. So you need to water them whenever you notice the top layer of the soil frying out. Also, don’t allow the plant to stay soaked in water or don’t allow the plant to sit in water. The best time to water them is in the morning, this allows the foliage to dry out in the sun. otherwise, the plant might face problems with mildew.
Use rich and well-drained soil. The proper drainage is very necessary to grow the Easter lily flowers. They can grow in different types of soil, but the drainage system needs to be good enough. They prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil.
The plant grows best in mild temperatures, where the temperature remains between 60 and 70 degrees F. the nighttime temperatures shouldn’t drop below 55 degrees F. average humidity level would keep the plant healthier.
Use fertilizers in the spring to ensure they get a proper supply of nutrients. Use a slow-release and a balanced fertilizer when the new growth. If you don’t have any rich soil, apply another dose of fertilizer in the summer as well.
Pink Easter lily
Prefer full sun and well-drained soil
The pink Easter lily is one of the most adoring Easter lilies found. They are also known as the Belladonna lily. The clusters of pink through white flowers are long-lasting bright lilies. These flowers generally flower in autumn. The height the pink Easter lily can attain is about 80 cm. They prefer full sun and well-drained soil. The bulbs can be bought from the local store or you can also get Easter lily for sale with about 3 bulbs for 10 dollars.
Red Easter lily
Vibrant red color flower
The red Easter lily is simply the scream of color. The vibrant red color looks stunning. The flowers are a little smaller than the other varieties and are a bit cupped-shaped when they start to grow. They leave a beautiful fragrance which would attract visitors. Give them balanced fertilizer in the spring to ensure that they stay healthy and hold the red charm in them.
Easter lily orange
Orange Easter lilies stay open for lots of days
Similar to that of the red Easter lilies, they are famous for their fragrance and vibrant color. The orange Easter lilies stay open for many days and keep shining throughout. They like full sun and can also be grown in partial shade. Just ensure that they get proper watering. Don’t let the soil dry out.
Yellow Easter lily
Perfect for summer garden
The yellow Easter lilies are adoring. They like to stay opened and face upwards. They can be grown from their bulbs and they are a perfect addition to the summer garden. You can also accompany them with other lilies and enjoy your garden full of lilies. Like other Easter lilies, they like to stay moist and prefer average humid places. Just ensure that the humidity isn’t too much or the weather isn’t too hot or too cold.
White Easter lily
Put the bulbs 4 to 5 inches deep
The white Easter lilies are funnel-shaped and they like to grow together. When you plant the bulbs, ensure that you grow about 4 or 5 together and each of them is spaced about one foot apart. Put the bulbs 4 to 5 inches deep. The white charm of the flowers would bring peace to your garden.
Artificial Easter lilies
Famous for weddings and functions
The artificial Easter lily has the same charm as that of the ones which grow naturally. They are famous for weddings and other functions. They might not be as fragrant as the others, but they carry the same beauty. It is true that artificial things can’t bring the same charm as natural ones, but they do shine.
Silk Easter lilies
Used for house decoration
The silk touch in the Easter lilies is something to adore. They are generally used for home decoration. They do resemble a real plant. They can also be blended with other types of flowers in gardens. You can look for them in your nearby stores or also search online.
Wild Easter Lily
Larger than other Easter lilies
The wild Easter lily or the Lilium wallichianum grows in grasslands and slopes in the moist shade of woodlands. They do need rich soil to grow. They are not easy to grow in your backyard. The flowers are larger than the other Easter lilies and leave a beautiful fragrance. They appear in the late summer to early fall.
Potted Easter lily
They prefer cooler temperatures
Easter lilies can be planted in containers. Planting potted lilies is easy. Just ensure you keep them near a window and they get enough light. Don’t allow the soil to dry. The potted ones prefer cooler temperatures. To make sure the plant lasts long, move them to a cooler location at night. Remove the flowers which fade with time to promote new growth.
Do Easter lilies come back?
Easter lilies bloom once per year. They are perennial, so they would come back again next year if taken proper care of.
What does the Easter lily symbolize?
They symbolize purity, rebirth, and new beginnings as they come back again the next year. They promote hope.
How do you take care of Easter lilies?
Give them full sun to partial shade and water them whenever you feel the soil getting dry. Use a balanced and slow-release fertilizer in the spring.
Do Easter lilies like sunshine or shade?
They prefer full sun to partial shade.
What can you do with an Easter lily after Easter has passed?
You can save the bulb of the plant and plant it outdoors when the plant has finished blooming. They can be replanted after the flowers are gone.