Crassula Plant: The Complete Growth and Care Guide

Crassula Plant: The Complete Growth and Care Guide

Also known as Pigmyweeds

Native to the regions of South Africa and Mozambique, the Crassula plant is a common houseplant. It is often found in several households around the world. The plant belongs to the Plantae kingdom and the Crassulaceae plant family.

The Crassula Ovata or the Jade plant, also known as the Jade tree, is a rather popular plant. The Crassula plant is easy to grow and care for. Some of the other names that the Crassula plant is commonly referred to as are stated below.

  •         Lucky plant
  •         Money plant
  •         Money tree
  •         Pigmyweeds

Crassula Succulent

An evergreen succulent

The Crassula plant is succulent. It is an evergreen plant with thick branches and thick and shiny deep green foliage. The plant grows as an upright, rounded and strongly-branched shrub. The Crassula plant can easily grow up to a size of around 2.5 meters, with the main trunk measuring around 6 centimetres in diameter.

After the Crassula plant matures, it produces some beautiful blooms around the winter season. These blooms are shaped like stars and are of white or pink colour. The Crassula flowers measure around 15 millimetres in diameter, with the stamen of the plant reaching a length of around 5 millimetres. The blooms of the plant also produce a pleasant and sweet smell.

Caring for the Crassula Tree Indoors

Easy to grow and care for

As mentioned above, the Crassula plant is one common and popular houseplant. The popularity of the plant stems from the fact that it is easy to grow and care for. It has minimal care requirements that can be easily looked after. So, here is a small guide to caring for the crassula tree indoors.

  • The Ideal Planter: The ideal plant should be the right size for the plant. It should neither be too large nor too small but fitting according to the current size of the plant. The planter should also have enough drainage holes to flush out the excess water that might otherwise harm the plant.
  • Potting Mix for the Plant: The Crassula plant is succulent. Needless to say, the soil requirement might suit this nature of the plant. Choose a potting mix that drains well and quickly and also prevents root rot. Rocky or sandy soil can be the ideal potting mixture for the Crassula plant.
  • Light Needs of the Plant: The Jade plant loves the bright sunlight. But make sure that you do not let the direct rays of the sun fall on the plant as it can lead to the burning of the leaves. Instead, use a curtain or something of a similar sort to filter the sunlight.
  • Watering the Plant: The Jade plant requires careful watering. Do not over-water the plant as it would lead to root rot. Also, be cautious that you do not let the Crassula plant dry out completely. Instead, water the plant only after the top layer of the soil starts to dry out gradually.
  • The Ideal Temperature Requirements: The Crassula plant thrives best in daytime temperatures ranging from 18 to 24 degrees Celsius. The required nighttime temperature for the Jade plant is between 10 to 13 degrees Celsius. With proper exposure to sunlight, Crassula plants can do well in higher temperatures as well.
  • Fertilizing the Plant: The Jade plant does best when fertilized once every six months or so. It is advisable to use a balanced water-soluble fertilizer on the plant, which should be sprayed on after watering the plant. Make sure that you never fertilize the Crassula plant when the soil is dry as it could lead to root rot.
  • Pruning the Plant: It is not a given or completely necessary to prune a crassula plant. Instead, pruning is suggested to maintain the desired shape as well as the size of the plant. Pruning is also suggested to get rid of certain unhealthy growth that might be causing trouble in the plant.
  • Repotting the Plant: The Crassula plant requires repotting once it outgrows its current planter. The plant can survive in one planter for many years, but it becomes necessary to repot as it outgrows the planter as it restricts the growth of the plant. It is advisable to repot the Crassula plant during the spring season, as it marks the beginning of the active growing period for the plant.
  • Pests and Diseases: The Crassula plants are mostly known to be pest resistant. But certain pests might arise when the plant is growing in an indoor setting. Common pests and diseases that affect the plant are spider mites, mealybugs and powdery mildew. Clean the plant with Neem oil or other non-chemical deterrents to keep it free from the attack of pests.

Crassula Arborescens

Also known as Silver Dollar plant

The Crassula Arborescens is one popular variety of the Crassula plant. It is more popularly referred to as the Silver Jade Plant or the Silver Dollar Plant. The Crassula Arborescens is an evergreen plant that grows as a shrub, and can easily grow to a height of around four feet. The Silver Dollar Plant does not require much watering just like the other Crassula varieties but might have a higher need during the hot summer months.

Crassula Capitella/ Crassula Campfire

Also known as Campfire plant

The Crassula Capitella is popularly known as the Crassula Campfire, or just as the Campfire plant. Native to Africa, the Crassula Campfire or the Crassula Capitella is a fast-growing succulent that loves the full sun. The plant especially loves the morning sunlight. The leaves of the Crassula Capitella look like a propeller and take on a red-orange tint when exposed to the sunlight. Crassula also produces beautiful white flowers during the spring and summer seasons.

Crassula muscosa

Also known as the Watch Chain plant

The Crassula Muscosa is more popularly known as the Watch Chain plant. The plant has narrow and overlapping stems and can easily grow up to a height of around 12 inches. The plant has beautiful green foliage and pale yellowish-green flowers that appear from the spring to the midsummer season. The plant can grow well when exposed to the full sun as well as in partial shade.

Crassula Multicava

Also known as Fairy Crassula

Crassula Multicava is a rather popular variety of the Crassula plant and is more commonly referred to as the Fairy Crassula. The plant has beautiful and thick glossy leaves and is mostly grown for its beautiful foliage. The Crassula Multicava gets its name from the countless pores on the leaves of the plant, which are referred to as caves. The Crassula Multicava has average watering needs and can grow well in full sun as well as in partial shade.

Crassula Ovata

Also known as the Jade plant

The Crassula Ovata is the most common variety of the Crassula plant and is commonly referred to as the Jade plant. The plant has thick, plump stems with fleshy and beautiful deep green foliage, bearing a close resemblance to trees. The plant thrives best in temperatures ranging from 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, with exposure to bright yet indirect sunlight for around four to six hours a day.

Crassula perforata

Known as String of Buttons

The Crassula Perforata is more popularly known as the String of Buttons. The plant has snugly packed and upward facing stems with thick triangular leaves. The Crassula Perforata or the String of Buttons can grow well indoors as well as outdoors. The plant can adjust to bright sunlight as well as partial shade. The String of Buttons looks best when grown in hanging planters.

Pigmyweeds Propagation

Easy to propagate

The Crassula plant or the Pigmyweed is fairly easy to propagate. Here is a step-by-step breakdown as well as some tips to effectively propagate the Crassula plant.

  • Take a clean and sterilized knife and a healthy Crassula plant. Using the knife, carefully cut off a stem from the mother plant.
  • Let the cut stem of the plant rest for some days. This will allow the formation of callus on the cut side of the stem. The formation of callus is important as it allows a better growth of the roots and also prevents the extra soaking of water by the plant.
  • Take a planter to grow the cut stem in. Make sure that the planter has drainage holes at the bottom. Fill the pot with some porous soil and gently place the stem in, with the cut side facing downwards.
  • For the first few weeks, make sure that you keep the soil moist. Make sure that the soil always remains damp to the touch. Let it be this way until the plant establishes its roots.

The Crassula plant can also be propagated through leaves, using the same method as explained above. However, propagation through stems has better success as well as a growth rate.

FAQS

How do you care for a Crassula plant?

To care for a Crassula plant, place it in a spot with bright yet indirect sunlight. Be careful while watering the plant. Do not overwater and also do not let the soil completely dry out due to a lack of water.

Is Crassula an indoor plant?

The Crassula can be grown as an indoor plant as well as an outdoor plant. Just make sure that you use a proper planter and the right potting soil for growing the plant.

Do Crassula plants need sunlight?

Yes, the Crassula plants do require sunlight to grow. The plant loves the full sun and tends to grow in some bright yet indirect sunlight. So, always remember to use a curtain or something of a similar sort to filter the sunlight.

What is the benefit of the Crassula plant?

The Jade plant is often used as an ornamental plant, and just for decoration. However, it has different benefits to offer. The most eminent of them is that the jade plant purifies the air indoors.

How does this crassula plant benefit us?

The Crassula plant offers a host of different benefits. To begin with, it is a natural purifying agent that cleans the indoor air. Moreover, the plant also alleviates the level of humidity indoors and also provides an increased supply of oxygen.

How do I take good care of Money Tree plat [Crassula Ovata]?

To take good care of a Money tree plant, a common name of the Crassula Ovata, place it in a spot that receives bright yet indirect sunlight for most of the day. Be careful in watering the plant. Do not over-water but also do not let the soil completely dry out.

Can you suggest some ways to take care of my crassula plant?

To care for a Crassula plant, place it in a spot with bright yet indirect sunlight. Be careful while watering the plant. Do not overwater and also do not let the soil completely dry out due to a lack of water.


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