A Detailed Study on Kalanchoe and its Varieties

A Detailed Study on Kalanchoe and its Varieties

Kalanchoe is a succulent

Kalanchoe is a beautiful plant and a common sight in many households across the world. Native to the tropical areas of Africa and Madagascar, Kalanchoe was one of the first few plants that were sent into space. The plant was a part of the plants sent as resupply to the Soviet Salyut 1 Space Station, back in 1979.

Kalanchoe Succulent

Commonly grown as potted plants

The Kalanchoe plants are one of the most popular kinds of succulents out there. Most of the Kalanchoe plants grow as perennial herbs or shrubs, but there are also many annual and biennial varieties of the plant, thus creating a diverse variety of the plant.

Kalanchoe is more popularly grown as potted plants. However, if the region you are growing Kalanchoe has some resemblance to their native land of Madagascar, they can very well be grown outdoors as well.

The Kalanchoe plant has thick and glossy deep green leaves that are just as beautiful as the vibrant Kalanchoe flowers. They can very well be grown indoors, just keep an eye out for pests that would be bothering the plants in absence of proper care.

Kalanchoe Flower

A beautiful flowering plant

The Kalanchoe flowers bloom in clusters of tiny flowers. The Kalanchoe flowers bloom suspended on the stems of the plant, above most of the foliage. The Kalanchoe plants are often sold during the time that it is in full bloom. This blooming parade continues for weeks or months to an end. This happens as most nurseries tend to force the plants to bloom to increase sales.

When growing naturally and in their native region, the Kalanchoe flowers tend to remain in bloom throughout the year. However, as a houseplant and indoors, the blooming time is generally around the late winter season and continues until the late spring season.

However, many people seem to have trouble in allowing the plant to bloom once again after it is done blooming once. But with the proper care and nurturance, looking after the Kalanchoe plant and getting it to bloom is not a tough job after all.

Kalanchoe Plant Benefits

Offers a host of benefits

The Kalanchoe plants have several benefits to their name. Also known as the Devil’s Spine or just the Spine, the Kalanchoe plant is beneficial to our health in more ways than one. Here are a few examples highlighting the many wonders of the Kalanchoe plants.

  • The Kalanchoe plant can be a great protector of one’s oral health. The Kalanchoe plant juice can be effectively administered to treat oral inflammation and also gingivitis. The juice of the plant should be mixed with boiled water and then allowed to be chilled down before it is drunk in the form of tea.
  • The juice of the Kalanchoe plant is also a great alternative to treat mucosal rhinitis. The herbal juice, also available in the form of capsules in the market, should be consumed at least 2 to 3 times a week. Once consumed at a routine pace, effects should be visible in around two or three weeks.
  • The Kalanchoe plant juice can also be effectively used to combat ulcers. The juice of the plant is capable of treating ulcers in the stomach and veins and is also effective in treating post-traumatic ulcers. In case of external wounds, crushed leaves can be applied to lessen the pain and treat the wound.
  • Kalanchoe is one of the few plants that are known to effectively work wonders on a disease as threatening as cancer. The leaves of the Kalanchoe plant consist of certain organic compounds that can successfully prevent the spread of cancer cells in the body.
  • Consuming the juice of the Kalanchoe plant, even in the form of tea, helps to combat urinary infections in the female body as well as complications regarding the cervix. It also helps to disinfect the female reproductive system and protect the same from several bacterial infections.
  • The Kalanchoe plant is a great analgesic. It helps to relieve the body from complications such as headache, back pain and even migraine-related pains. A mixture of the Kalanchoe leaves, when applied to the affected area can effectively help to combat several kinds of body pains.
  • The leaves of the Kalanchoe plant also help to keep a tab on the health of your feet. It helps to protect the feet from several infections like bacterial growth, calluses, fungus, irritation, etc. To do this, just immerse your feet in a tub of hot water filled with Kalanchoe leaves, followed by covering them with socks for the night.
  • The Kalanchoe plant is also an effective remedy for sunburn. The leaves of the plant can be applied as a paste on the affected area and can help to deal with the burns better. With regular use, your skin tone should be back to normal in just 6 to 7 days.
  • The Kalanchoe plant can also be effectively administered to heal and treat several external wounds in the human body. Using Kalanchoe leaves on the wounds stimulates and fastens up the healing process. It also reduces the period of suffering and allows a faster recovery.
  • Otolaryngologists believe that injecting Kalanchoe as nasal drops is a great preventive remedy to fight prolonged periods of influenza that is accompanied by sinusitis and chest inflammation, especially during the winter season. Kalanchoe also helps to treat chronic diseases like tonsillitis.
  • Several experts believe that Kalanchoe can rejuvenate the skin and curb the appearance of wrinkles as one tends to age. Even though there is a lack of studies, it has been vouched for several times that the application of Kalanchoe juice on the face also helps to moisturize and nourish the skin.
  • According to several studies, the Kalanchoe plant can work as a great muscle relaxant. It can be applied to the aching parts of the body, to relax that muscle of tension that might be troubling the body.

Kalanchoe Plant Care

Easy to grow and care for

The Kalanchoe plant is not that hard to care for. Here are some basic care needs that you need to keep in mind to grow a healthy Kalanchoe plant.

  • Setting up the Potting Mix: The Kalanchoe plant likes to grow in a kind of potting mix that is well-draining in nature. You can also use a general potting mix on the plant. However, it is advisable to use a planting mix that consists 60% of peat moss and 40% of perlite.
  • Light Needs: The Kalanchoe plant loves being exposed to a lot of bright and natural sunlight. However, make sure that you do not let the direct rays of the sun fall on the plant and use a curtain or something of that sort to filter the sunlight. The plant can thrive in low-light as well, but will not produce Kalanchoe flowers in the absence of proper lighting.
  • Watering the Plant: The Kalanchoe is succulent and thus does not require to be watered that often. Just ensure that you let the plant, as well as the soil, dry out in between two consecutive watering sessions. The fleshy stems and leaves of the plants can effectively store water for use in periods of drought. Avoid over-watering at all costs as it can cause serious harm to the plant.
  • Temperature and Humidity: The Kalanchoe plant tends to thrive well in average room temperatures. Grow the plant outdoors only if your region does not experience drastic temperature fluctuations between the days and the nights. One interesting fact about the Kalanchoe plant is that they tend to bloom quicker in higher temperatures, but also fade away just as fast.
  • Fertilizing the Plant: Fertilizing is done to meet the nutrient requirements of the plants. However, it is not completely necessary to fertilize a Kalanchoe plant. But, if you do want to fertilize the plant, you can use organic liquid fertilizer on the plant. While using the organic liquid fertilizer, do not forget to dilute it to half its strength. Fertilize the Kalanchoe plant only during the spring season.
  • Pests and Diseases: When growing indoors, Kalanchoe plants are not so likely to be affected by pests and diseases as they do when growing outdoors. Out of these, aphids and mealybug infestations bother the Kalanchoe plants the most. But this can be battled by the application of diluted Neem oil on the plant.

Kalanchoe Varieties/ Kalanchoe Types

The Kalanchoe is one popular plant. Several Kalanchoe varieties have different care requirements and grow in different conditions. Here are some of the most common and popular Kalanchoe types.

  • Kalanchoe Beharensis

  • Requires infrequent watering

    The Kalanchoe Beharensis tends to grow better in well-draining soil. The plant can do well in bright sunlight as well as in partial shade. The Kalanchoe Beharensis does not require watering that often and should be allowed to dry up in between two watering sessions. However, the soil should be kept slightly moist during the winter season.

  • Kalanchoe Delagoensis

  • Known as Chandelier plant

    Kalanchoe Delagoensis is also known as the Chandelier plant. The plant can adjust well to the bright sunlight and can adjust well in partially shaded regions as well. The plant can also tolerate the full sun, but might show some signs of sunburn in the beginning but will eventually adjust well to it.

  • Kalanchoe Fedtschenkoi

  • Known as Lavender Scallops

    The Kalanchoe Fedtschenkoi is also popularly addressed as the Lavender Scallops or the South American Air Plant. The plant tends to grow in porous soil as well as well-draining in nature. The Kalanchoe Fedtschenkoi does well in lightly shaded and even partially shaded regions.

  • Kalanchoe Marnieriana

  • Not a cold-hardy plant

    The Kalanchoe Marnieriana is also popularly known as Marnier’s Kalanchoe. The plant can easily grow up to 18 inches tall and 36 inches wide. The Kalanchoe Marnieriana is not cold hardy and cannot survive in temperatures less than 20 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant grows well in partial sun as well as partial shade.

  • Kalanchoe Pumila

  • Known as Ghost plant

    The Kalanchoe Pumila is more popularly known as the Flower Dust Plant or the Ghost Plant and is native to the regions of Madagascar. It can grow well in the full sun as well as in a partially-shaded region. During watering, one should avoid wetting the leaves of the plant. In the growing season, the plant should be fertilized every 20 days.

  • Kalanchoe thyrsiflora

  • Known as Paddle plant

    The Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora is also known as the Desert Cabbage, Paddle Plant or the White Lady. The plant is native to the regions of southern Africa. The plant thrives best in the full sun. But if growing in the Mediterranean region, the Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora tends to grow well in partially shaded regions.

  • Kalanchoe Tomentosa

  • Known as Panda plant

    One of the most popular Kalanchoe varieties, the Kalanchoe Tomentosa is more commonly referred to as the Panda Plant. The plant grows the best in bright as well as medium sunlight. The Kalanchoe Tomentosa does well in room temperatures and requires infrequent watering, allowing the soil to dry up every once in a while.

    Kalanchoe Plant Propagation

    Easy to propagate

    The Kalanchoe plant can be propagated through the means of seeds, cuttings as well as the method of division. Out of these, the usage of seeds takes the longest time to propagate into a new Kalanchoe plant.

    The method of division refers to pulling the roots of the plants out, separating them by hand, and then replanting them into separate planters and as separate plants. This process should be carried out on plants that are at least 3 years old, as they can be easily divided into three or more separate Kalanchoe plants. Remember to use a clean and sterilized knife for the process of dividing the plant.

    The use of cuttings is one of the most popular and successful ways of propagating the Kalanchoe plant. Just make sure that you use a healthy mother plant and a clean and sterilized knife for dealing with the plant.

    The Kalanchoe plants are best propagated during the spring or summer season. However, make sure that you never propagate the plant when it is in the middle of the flowering period.

    Kalanchoe Plant Price

    Avail discounted prices online

    Kalanchoe is an affordable plant that can be purchased from any nursery nearby. However, you can always buy from online sites to get discounts on the Kalanchoe plant price.

    FAQS

    How big does a Kalanchoe plant get?

    A Kalanchoe plant grows to a handsome height. The plant usually grows around 18 inches tall and measures 36 inches in width.

    Is a Kalanchoe plant indoor or outdoor?

    The Kalanchoe succulent can be grown indoors as well as outdoors. Just ensure that you stick up to the care requirements of the plant, no matter where you place it.

    How do I care for a Kalanchoe plant?

    To care for a Kalanchoe plant, place it in some bright yet indirect sunlight, Water the plant infrequently, allowing it to dry out in between two watering sessions. Also, it is important to maintain room temperatures to favour the growth of the plant.

    Are Kalanchoe Daigremontiana leaves edible?

    Yes, the Kalanchoe Daigremontiana leaves are edible. One can just eat them raw or use them in juices, salads, soups, etc.

    How long do Kalanchoe plants live?

    With proper care, Kalanchoe plants can easily live up to a couple of years. However, make sure that the plant gets fertilized, is not over-watered and is placed in some bright sunlight.

    Does Kalanchoe come back every year?

    Yes, Kalanchoe blooms can come back every year, but only if you take proper care of the plant. As the plant is done with its first bloom, make sure that you deadhead the plant and remove the dead blooms. This helps to encourage more bloom.

    How do you propagate Kalanchoe?

    The Kalanchoe plant can be propagated through the means of seeds, cuttings as well as the method of division. Out of these, the usage of seeds takes the longest time to propagate into a new Kalanchoe plant.


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