Step by Step Guide for Growing Dragon Fruit
Fruits are in demand these days. We all know how important it is these days. Fruits are the first thing that doctors would suggest over anything. And what better would it be than having fruits from the plants you grow by yourself. That’s more satisfying than anything. You put all the hard work to grow the plants and you get the taste of it too.
We all know about Dragon fruits. These are getting more popular every day. This is a tropical fruit also known by the name of pitahaya and strawberry pear. The dragon fruit is more popular because of its looks. You’ll know when you see one. It has this vibrant red skin which has a sweet and seed-speckled pulp. The unique look also does look good when you decorate it in your place. Not only that, dragon fruit has got its nutritional benefits as well. You’d find the dragon fruit on the Hylocereus cactus which is also known as the Honolulu queen – you can see the flowers opening at night.
Tastes similar to kiwi and pears
The dragon fruit plant is native to southern Mexico and Central Mexico. But with proper treatment, it can grow all over the world these days. Why dragon fruit? The fruit won’t throw fire as a dragon does, but it looks almost like a dragon. There are two types of dragon fruit you’d find. The popular one would have white pulp and black seeds. You’d find another variant with red pulp and black seeds. There’s also a yellow dragon fruit as well that has yellow skin with white pulp and black seeds. Don’t get scared with the look, might feel as if it is gonna taste as hot as it looks. Nothing like that, it tastes sweet. Might have eaten kiwi and pears, well they taste similar to the dragon fruit.
Dragon fruit plant benefits
Dragon fruit is popular for its look. True that. But it has got a lot of benefits and can gift you with a handful. They are full of nutrition with a decent amount of magnesium, iron, and fiber. It’s proven to be good for your health in so many ways. Let’s take a look at the benefits first –
The fiber factor
One of the main reasons people are advised to take fruits is because of the fact that they are loaded with fibers. One dragon fruit tree would gift you so many fibers too. About 25 grams for women and 38 grams of fibers for men per day is always suggested. Dragon fruit can give you as much as 7 grams of fiber. If you are looking for a fruit that can satisfy your daily fiber needs, get a dragon fruit seed today.
Fights Chronic Diseases
The unstable molecules which go by the name of free radicals are responsible for cell damage which does lead to inflammation and other diseases. Anti-oxidants are one of the ways out. Dragon fruit plant can help in this matter. Growing dragon fruit can help you fight chronic diseases. The antioxidants will neutralize the free radicals. Proper dragon fruit cultivation can help you prevent heart diseases, cancer, arthritis, and diabetes as well.
Dragon fruit is rich in many types of potent antioxidants like Vitamin C which is proven to lower cancer risks. Vitamin C can lower the rates of head and neck cancer. That’s how effective the dragon fruits are. You’d also get the advantage of Betalains which can combat oxidative stresses and can also suppress the cancer cells growing in your body. Carotenoids from dragon fruits are rich in Beta-carotene and lycopene plant pigments. Carotenoids are the reason dragon fruits get their vibrant color. Carotenoids can help reduce cancer and heart disease risks.
Another reason you need to fill your house with dragon fruit cactus and dragon fruit flowers is that they are high in nutrients. They have low calories but have all the essential vitamins and minerals you need. They have quite an amount of dietary fiber as well. Here’s the list of nutrients you are gonna get once you start growing dragon fruit plants from seed –
- Protein:3 gms
- Fat:0 gms
- Carbohydrates:29 gms
- Fiber:7 gms
- Iron:8% of RDI
- Magnesium:18% of RDI
- Vitamin C:9% of RDI
- Vitamin E:4% of RDI
The stronger immune system
Having a dragon fruit tree in your place can help you strengthen your immune system. The quality of your diet decides your immune system. Carotenoids and Vitamin C can help you do so. It can protect your white blood cells.
Baby dragon fruit plant
Having a small dragon fruit plant always has its plus(es). To get the perfect baby dragon fruit plant, one needs to start growing dragon fruit plants from seed. Dragon fruit cutting is also a popular way to grow a dragon fruit tree. Cutting a piece of stem and setting it in a dry and shady place for about a week does the job. The cut callouses would get over within that time. In about 6 months your baby dragon fruit plant would be well established and you are good to go with planting it in a pot.
Dragon fruit plants can grow over an inch per day. You need to ensure that it gets good support from the very first day otherwise it would follow floppy limbs from sprawling. It doesn’t take a lot of time for the vines to weigh some hundred pounds or so. The vines can also climb up to 40 feet. You gotta trim the lateral branches from the baby dragon fruit plant. You’d observe your baby plant produce fruits in about 6 months of time. The dragon fruit flowers look stunning and have intense fragrances.
Dragon fruit plant indoor
People do like growing plants indoors. The same goes for the dragon fruit cactus. The vibrant color of the fruit is enough to make your place look more attractive than ever. Dragon fruit plants can be easily grown indoors. Once you settle the plant, it won’t need much of your attention. They prefer a dry and warm environment like any cacti.
You’d need a pot that is at least 12 inches deep. A good quality potting soil would be enough to grow the plants. Remember that they grow the best with about 6-8 hours of sunlight. Consider placing them near a south-facing window. They don’t need too much water, twice a week during the growing season would be enough.
How to grow dragon fruit plant / Hylocereus undatus growing
There are two ways you can grow your dragon fruit plant. The first would be growing dragon fruit from seed and the other way you can do that is by cutting the stem and let it grow to a new plant.
Growing dragon fruit from seed
This is a simple one. This might take a bit of time but is the easiest way to grow a dragon fruit tree. You just gotta buy a dragon fruit and take out the dragon fruit seed. Remember that growing dragon fruit from seed can take years to bear fruit. Anyway, let's get started then –
Start by preparing the soil bed. They need full sunlight to grow fast. You need a sunny area to plant the seeds which would serve the seed at least five hours of sunlight. A potting soil that has got good draining system would work the best and should have rich organic matter present. You might think about going for cactus soil – we’d recommend you not to as dragon fruits need a bit more water than other cacti.
The next thing you gotta work on is the seeds. Cut the ripe dragon fruit in two halves and scoop out the seeds. Then wash out the fruit flesh and the pulp and put the seeds on a moist paper towel. Keep it there for about 12 hours.
To plant the seeds, you gotta sprinkle the seeds across the soil surface. Cover it with a thin layer of soil next. Remember not to bury the seeds deep. Water the bed consistently, it needs to be evenly moist. You can also cover the bed with plastic wrap to trap the moisture.
Then the seedlings give each of the new plant rooms, transplant them to larger pots (about 20-gallon pot). For support, you need to set up a wood stake s that gets a support system once it reaches about 12 inches tall.
Dragon fruit cutting
Dragon fruit can also be grown using the cutting method. All that can be done is by cutting a mature plant to grow another dragon fruit plant.
Start by preparing the soil bed. This is always the first step you need to work on. The plant needs to grow in a healthy surrounding that gets proper sunlight. Avoiding our feet by having a good drainage system is important.
Then, using garden shears, one needs to cut 12-inch branch from any mature dragon fruit tree. Ensure that you don’t take too much from the tree or somehow hurt it, don’t go all harsh on it. The dragon fruit cutting needs to be cut in three or up to five pieces. Propagate each to a new mature plant. The direction needs to be up, so be careful about that. They need to grow upright.
The cuttings need time to heal around the edges, so leave them in some warm place. When the tips turn white, you’d know that they’re ready. This usually takes about a week. To plant the cuttings, place the base beneath the soil by 2 inches. Make sure that the cutting is planted in the same direction as the original branch. Water the soil bed and keep it evenly moist. Give them proper support by using a wood stake.
Dragon fruit temperature requirements
This cactus is nothing like the other cacti. They need proper watering and grow best in plays with sufficient rainfall. Preferable rainfall ranging from 1730-2540 mm per year would be best suitable. The minimum temperature would be 20 to 30 degrees Celsius.
Dragon fruit plant in India
In India, the plant is mostly grown in places like Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Odisha, West Bengal, Andaman, and the Nicobar Islands. The Sanskrit name of the plant is Kamalam. You can buy the plant online as well.
How long does dragon fruit take to grow?
To grow the plant from a seed, it would take years to bear fruit. Sometimes it can take up to 5 years. Using stem cutting, it can grow within 6 months.
Is dragon fruit easy to grow?
It is quite easy to grow and any beginner can start growing dragon fruit plants with a proper guide.
Can we grow dragon fruit at home?
Growing dragon fruit plants at home is nothing new. It's quite easy to grow them indoors. You just need to ensure that they get proper soil and support. They need proper sunlight and about twice a week watering to grow the best. Plant them in 12 inches pot.
Does dragon fruit plant need full sun?
Yes. They need about 6 hours of full sun to grow the best. Keep the soil moist.
Does dragon fruit grow on cacti?
Dragon fruit belongs to the cactus family but is nothing like any other cacti as they need proper water and moist soil to grow.
Where can I get a dragon fruit plant in India?
You can visit any nearby store or go online to purchase the plant.
What is the procedure for cultivating dragon fruit?
Dragon fruit can be grown from seed but that takes years to grow. You can also use the stem cutting method to grow the plant faster.
Can a dragon fruit plant survive in saline water?
Yes, they can grow in saline water as well. They prefer acidic to neutral soil which has a pH range of about 6.1 to 7.5
Why is dragon fruit red?
The magenta flesh is responsible for the red color, it has a compound known as betacyanin. This pigment is also present in pear and in beets.
What is a yellow dragon fruit?
The yellow dragon fruit plant is a rare plant not found in many places. This has a unique sweet flavor. If you prefer sweet fruits, go for the yellow one.
How to make Dragonfruit plants flower and fruit?
Give them proper sunlight of up to 6 hours a day. They need full sun. The soil must have a proper drainage system. Water them twice to thrice per week to keep the soil moist.
How to eat white dragon fruit?
Peel the fruit and cut it into sections. You must have had avocado, the process is quite similar. Eat the flesh and throw the skin in the dustbin. Blend it in smoothies, make fruit salsa, fruit salad, or a dragon fruit ice cream.
What are the benefits of eating dragon fruit?
They are rich in nutrients and fibers which can help fight many chronic diseases and prevent cancer and heart diseases and can also improve the immune system.
Can dragon fruit kill you?
People would say that they are toxic and are not good for your skin. It is because of the fact that farm-grown fruits are harmed by a pesticide that isn’t good for the human body,
Where do dragon fruit trees grow?
Dragon fruit trees prefer a warm, and humid climate to grow. The fruit is found in Asia, Mexico, and parts of South America mainly.