How to Grow a Bonsai Tree and Care Tips

The term Bonsai generally refers to the cute tiny tree arrangements, often seen in various indoor spaces. These are tiny trees grown in shallow planters, often mimicking a large real-life tree. They are the miniature version of the large trees.

The Japanese term Bonsai literally means tree in a tray/pot. These miniature trees have now become increasingly popular and are often displayed in many homes and offices.

Bonsai Tree Care

Bonsai Tree Care

Having a Bonsai tree at home surely increases the glamour of interiors, as well as the outdoors. Bonsai trees are largely popular and hence, are often passed off as a great show off. However, the plant needs proper care to be thriving well under your care.

Here’s how you can take care of a Bonsai tree at home.

  • The Right Plant: First things first, make sure that the plant you choose for Bonsai suits you. Ensure that the conditions in your region match the plant’s requirements you have chosen for Bonsai. Here, the most ideal choice would be to choose a plant that thrives wellin all seasons and can adapt to almost all seasonal conditions.
  • Water Requirements: The water requirement of your Bonsai largely depends on the plant that you have chosen. It also depends on the climate outside and the pot that you have planted it in. So, to find out the appropriate watering time, keep a close watch on the plant. Water when the top layer of the soil dries out and do not let the soil dry out completely.
  • Fertilizing the Plant: Fertilizing the Bonsai tree is one of the important steps in taking care of the Bonsai tree. The roots of the plant are rather tiny, making it difficult for them to take care of their nutritional requirements. Thus, fertilizing the plant every couple of weeks becomes necessary for the plant. A combination of mineral and organic fertilizer works best for Bonsai.
  • Repotting the Plant: Repotting a Bonsai tree from time to time is necessary to boost the growth of the plant. An average Bonsai tree may require repotting every two years. While a full-grown Bonsai tree can remain in the same pit for three to four years. While doing this, make sure that you handle the plant with care.

Bonsai Trees for Beginners

Bonsai Trees for Beginners

As a beginner at plants and gardening, Bonsai often seems like an enticing choice. However, every plant in this world requires proper care to grow, even the succulents. So, it’s just normal that even Bonsai require some simple care tips to be growing well.

Here are some tips to help beginners with caring for their Bonsai trees.

  • Pay proper attention to your Bonsai plant to figure out a watering schedule. The plant needs watering every time the top layer of the soil dries out. Also, make sure that the soil remains damp and does not dry out completely.
  • Make sure that your Bonsai meets its proper growing requirements. Place it in a spot with lots of sunlight, to complement the growth of the plant.
  • Trim the plant as and when required. Trim out dead or cross offshoots to give the plant a neat look. Also, use trimming clippers and not scissors to get this done.
  • Choose a well-draining potting soil that also retains moisture. Also make sure that the soil allows proper aeration, helping oxygen to easily reach the roots of the plant.

How to Grow a Bonsai Tree

How to Grow a Bonsai Tree

Essentially a Japanese art form, growing a Bonsai tree is no child’s play. You need to ensure that everything’s done right, in the right ways and right proportions. Here are some tips to help your Bonsai grow at an evidently fast pace.

  • Start with a sapling that is appropriate to be growing as a Bonsai tree. The right sapling should have a wider trunk and should get narrower towards the top, denoting growth. Ideally, a sapling growing in a 1-gallon container is the right choice as it has a thicker trunk and a more mature root system, something that otherwise takes a long time to develop.
  • While going through several tree options that you would like to have as a Bonsai plant, make sure to choose one that is known for its fast growth. Choose trees that have green leaves and flowers all year round. Some examples of such fast-growing trees are the Jade plant, Maple trees, Snowdrop trees, etc.
  • The roots of Bonsai trees require optimum care and support to thrive well and fast. The roots need to be checked and pruned from time to time or it could lead to the soil drying out comparatively quicker. Also, the best time to prune the roots is during the slow-growing season as it allows the plant to recover from that shock.
  • One of the best ways to advance the growth of a Bonsai tree is to thicken its trunk. It also ensures a long life for the plant. One of the ways to achieve a thick trunk is to split it through the middle and keep the now-two trunks separate until it completely heals. Another good way to achieve a thick trunk is to plant several small saplings together, allowing them all to merge into one single thick trunk as they grow.
  • Just like any other plant or any other living creature for that instance, it requires efficient nutrient intake to grow and thrive. However, Bonsai trees have rather tiny roots, making it a little difficult for them to acquaint themselves with their nutritional needs. Thus, fertilizer is needed to ensure that the plants get all their required nutrition, allowing them to grow at a faster and better pace.
  • Bonsai trees are very susceptible to various diseases, pests and infestations. When planted outside, there is a greater risk of these exposures. However, the same can happen even when the Bonsai plants are planted indoors. So keep an eye out for any signs of decreasing health. On finding anything out of line, make sure that you treat it at once.

Bonsai Tree Making / How to Make Bonsai Tree

Bonsai Tree Making

Bonsai is an art. It is a beautiful form of art that requires proper concentration, patience and balance. Here’s how you can do so yourself.

  • The first step is to choose a plant of your choice that you want to make into Bonsai. An ideal choice of the plant would sit right with the environmental conditions of your region and is considerably easy to grow and look after.
  • Plant your seedling in a planter, just as you would plant any regular plant. Take care of the various needs of the plant, like watering and fertilizing needs.
  • Shape the tree in a way that seems like the natural shape of the tree.

The Bonsai will start taking form in four to six months, so have patience.

Types of Bonsai Trees

Here is a look at some most popular varieties of Bonsai trees.

Banyan Tree Bonsai

Banyan Tree Bonsai

The Banyan Tree Bonsai is among the most popular Bonsai plants, especially in India and South-West Asia. It can be grown indoors, next to a sunny window, and can even thrive very well when planted outdoors.

Bougainvillea Bonsai

Bougainvillea Bonsai

Native to South America, the Bougainvillea was initially discovered by a French biologist. The Bougainvillea Bonsai requires lots of bright light to grow. The plant also produces tiny yellow flowers and has purple-pink leaves.

Bonsai Mango Tree

Bonsai Mango Tree

The Bonsai Mango tree is a Bonsai fruit tree, producing edible fruits in the summers. The Bonsai Mango tree does very well outdoors, especially during the growing season. However, during winters, the plant should be shifted indoors.

Adenium Bonsai

Adenium Bonsai

Commonly referred to as Desert Rose, the Adenium Bonsai prefers a warm climate to grow in. The plant prefers a full sun location and some well-draining soil to thrive well. The Adenium Bonsai can easily be found on the Harvyora site.

Ficus Bonsai Tree Care & Tips to Grow

Ficus Bonsai Tree Care

The Ficus Bonsai is one of the Bonsai varieties that are among the easiest to grow indoors, especially for beginners. The Ficus is a hardy evergreen plant that can survive quite well even with low light and average humidity levels.

The Ficus Bonsai tree can be a very friendly Bonsai. The plant grows best when planted indoors and in plenty of sunlight. It is comparatively easy to care for, and thus, the best beginner's choice of a Bonsai.

There are also a lot of Ficus varieties to choose from. The most popular choices for Bonsai are the Ficus Benjamina, Ficus Microcarpa and Ficus Retusa.

Jade Plant Bonsai Benefits

Jade Plant Bonsai Benefits

The Jade plant is a very low-maintenance Bonsai, as compared to other plants. Native to South Africa’s Cape Town, the Jade Plant is one of the Succulents families.

An important benefit of the Jade plant is that it is resistant to droughts. That is, you can easily let the plant thrive even after forgetting to water it. As it is Succulent, the plant can store a lot of water and thus, can do without any external intake of water for some time.

Types of Bonsai Trees with Flowers

Bonsai Trees with Flowers

Several Bonsai flower plants can easily add a pop of colour to your home. Here are some of the most popular Bonsai flower plants for you to choose from.

Apple Tree

Often referred to as Monkey Apple or Pitch Apple, the Apple Tree is a Bonsai fruit tree, producing edible apples if taken proper care of. The plant mostly blooms during the summers, producing flowers of white and pink.

Japanese Flowering Cherry

Japanese Flowering Cherry

A great symbol of friendship, the Japanese Flowering Cherry can make for a beautiful Bonsai tree. Also known as PrunusSerrulata, the Japanese Flowering Cherry is a deciduous plant that likes the full sun.

Pomegranate

Pomegranate

Scientifically referred to as the PunicaGranatum, the Pomegranate is a Bonsai fruit tree, occasionally bearing edible fruits. The plant has glossy green leaves and blooms orange or red flowers.

Bonsai Tree Indoor

Bonsai Tree Indoor

Bonsai pots can be a great piece of home décor while indoors. Bonsai indoor plants can easily be placed indoors, at a place that is open for display to different guests. Many Bonsai plants can easily survive in an indoor environment.

The tropical Bonsai plants can easily grow indoors. Make sure that your Bonsai pot is placed at a spot with optimum light conditions. Low-light is often the cause of the death of many Bonsai trees indoors. So, it is always advisable to use fluorescent or high-intensity lights.

Also, Bonsai trees often require a humidity level higher than that indoors. So mist your plant from time to time to keep up with its humidity requirements. Also, make sure that you cater well to the water and fertilizing needs of the Bonsai.

Some easy to grow Bonsai indoor plants are Ficus, Jade, Fukien Tea and Sweet Palm.

Bonsai Tree Outdoor

Bonsai Tree Outdoor

If you are wondering whether you can grow a Bonsai tree outdoors, you very well can. Yes, you can even plant a Bonsai tree directly in the ground. Since a Bonsai is a real tree by nature, it can very well survive outdoors.

When planted outdoors, the Bonsai trees continue to add the oomph factor to your house. Just ensure that the plant can tolerate the direct rays of the sun. Also, as the sunlight is bright enough to dry out the soil quickly, make sure that you attend to the plant’s watering needs.

How to Make a Bonsai Tree from a Normal Tree

How to Make a Bonsai Tree from a Normal Tree

Yes, you can make a Bonsai of your own from a normal tree. Here’s how you can go about it.

  • Start by taking a tree in a container. The Bonsai needs to be exactly 1/6th of the size of the tree.
  • Use a concave cutter to remove the top of the tree. Use a needle to pluck off branches and also trim off the smaller branches.
  • Take a thick Bonsai wire and anchor the tree to the soil, while also wrapping the tree trunk to the top.
  • Spread the roots of the tree out and gently clean the soil off the root ball.
  • Now, take a planter and add some Bonsai soil mix to it. Gently, anchor the plant into the pot, and layer it with more soil
  • To remove the air bubbles, dunk the tree in water for a time. Then, take it out and move it to a nice spot.
  • Remove the wires after a year. And voila, you have successfully created a Bonsai.

How to Trim a Bonsai Tree

How to Trim a Bonsai Tree

The key to looking after a Bonsai is making sure that it remains the miniature version of a real-life tree. Remember, it is Bonsai as long as it remains tiny.

While dealing with an indoor Bonsai tree, prune the plant as and when you notice a couple of inches of healthy growth. However, for an outdoor Bonsai, trimming is preferably allowed only in the plant’s growing season.

Here is how you can go on trimming a Bonsai tree.

  • Take a good look at your Bonsai plant and identify the main branch structure of the plant.
  • Neatly trim the long and cross offshoots of the plant back to the main branch, giving it a neat look.

Trimming the Bonsai tree helps to promote a faster and better growth pattern in the Bonsai.

How to Make Bonsai Soil at Home in India

Make Bonsai Soil at Home in India

The growing popularity of Bonsai all around the world has made it quite a craze in India as well. Though you can easily find many Bonsai plants online, you might not always find the right potting mix. And even if you do, it might just add to the Bonsai tree price.

Here’s what all you need to make Bonsai soil at home, in India

  • Normal potting soil is important as it acts as a medium for your plant to grow
  • Gravel is important as it facilitates water drainage
  • Add some organic compost or manure to feed the plant
  • Use coco peat, peat moss or sphagnum moss to help retain water in the plant

A mixture of these components can make for a perfect potting soil for Bonsai.

FAQS

Here we have answered some FAQS to help you learn more about Bonsai.

Which is the best bonsai tree for beginners?

The Ficus Bonsai is often regarded as the best bonsai tree for beginners. The plant grows indoors and is easy to look after. It can even prosper in periods of drought.

Why bonsai tree is bad?

The Bonsai plant isn’t particularly considered a bad plant. It is only as per Vastu that it is referred to as bad. This is because the Vastu enthusiasts believe that the tree is symbolic of low and stunted growth.

What is the bonsai tree?

The term Bonsai generally refers to the cute tiny tree arrangements, often seen in various indoor spaces. These are tiny trees grown in shallow planters, often mimicking a large real-life tree. They are the miniature version of the large trees.

What is a bonsai tree good for?

The Bonsai tree is very beneficial to ensure good health. Bonsai can cure fatigue, cough, tiredness and sore throat. It can also help to upkeep your mental health.

What are some tips about bonsai?

Always choose a Bonsai that suits the environmental conditions of the region that you live in. Identify whether the plant will do well indoors and outdoors. Make sure that you adhere to the different needs of the Bonsai.

How much does the bonsai tree cost in India?

In India, the Bonsai tree is available in different ranges of price. Some of them cost just a few hundred, while the other and most exotic varieties can cost lakhs.

What is the symbolism behind a bonsai tree?

Bonsai trees are believed to be a symbol of balance, harmony, peace and everything good in nature. However, Vastu enthusiasts believe that the tree represents slow or stunted growth.

Why don't bonsai trees grow bigger?

The meaning of the word Bonsai is a tree in a tray. That is, Bonsai is a tree that is small in size, a miniature version of real-life trees. If they were to grow bigger, they wouldn't be Bonsai, but just trees.

How does your portulacariaafra bonsai look?

The PortulacariaAfra Bonsai, a variety of the Jade plant, is relatively easy to care for. The plant is succulent, with small leaves, and can grow up to 10 inches in height along with a width of 2 inches.

Which Bonsai trees are best for indoors in India?

Tropical plants make up the best indoor bonsai trees. In India, some of the best Bonsai trees for indoors are Azalea, Bougainvillea, Guava, Indian Banyan, Olive, etc.

What are the types of bonsai trees?

There are many different types of Bonsai trees. Eminent among them are Adenium, Apple, Banyan, Ficus, Pomegranate, etc.

Do you think I can plant a bonsai tree in succulent soil?

The Bonsai trees favour soil that is well-draining but also retains enough water Thus, succulent soil is a good choice to plant Bonsai trees in.

How to grow a bonsai tree from seed?

Yes, you can easily grow Bonsai trees from seed. Do it just as you would plant a normal plant, but with some trimming as it grows. However, be patient as plant a Bonsai tree from seed can take up to 10 to 15 long years,

Where can I buy bonsai plants online?

You can easily buy Bonsai plants online.


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