Growing Lemon Trees at Home: A Look at the Growth, Care and Varieties of Lemon Trees

Growing Lemon Trees at Home: A Look at the Growth, Care and Varieties of Lemon Trees

A popular citrus fruit

Native to the Asian subcontinent, lemons are a popular flowering plant. The lemon trees produce lemons or lemon fruits, they are citric and are quite lauded for providing the human body with its requirement of Vitamin C. Lemon trees are highly popular for their fruits. The lemon fruits are used in different ways all around the world, in culinary as well as non-culinary ways.

The lemon tree is widely popular across India, especially in the state of Assam and the other northeastern states of India. The lemon tree originally descends from the plant family of Rutaceae.

The Many Uses of the Lemon Citrus

Offers different uses

Lemon is a very beneficial citrus fruit. It is often used by people in different ways. The varied uses of the lemons have made lemon trees a popular plant. One can find lemon trees in almost every household in the Indian state of Assam. There, the fruit is treated much as a staple and is almost consumed frequently.

Here, let us have a look at the many uses of the lemon tree that has been boosting its popularity for quite some time now.

  • The peel, juice and rind of lemons are often used in several popular delicacies. Examples are lemon curd, lemon pie, marmalades, etc.
  • The juice of the lemon tree often aids the production of many different cocktails, lemonades and soft drinks.
  • The lemon juice is also used as a temporary preservative on fruits that tend to turn brown if sliced open for a little more than some minutes.
  • Lemon tree leaves are commonly used for the preparation of tea. The leaves are also used in cooking meat and seafood.
  • Lemon oil is a popular ingredient in aromatherapy. Exposure to lemon oil aroma helps to calm the human body down.

Growing Lemon Trees from Lemon Sapling

Can be easily grown

If you are thinking about growing a lemon tree, you are most likely to grow it from saplings that are easily available in nurseries or stores online. Here is a step-by-step breakdown of growing lemon trees from lemon saplings.

  • Lemon trees tend to grow well when set a little higher than the ground. So, while digging the hole, dig it a little shallower than the size of the root ball.
  • Gently place the sapling in the hole and secure the root ball by firmly placing the dugout soil around it.
  • Add some mulch and water the plant enough to make the soil moist.
  • Water the plant regularly, around once a week or so and make sure that you do not let the soil dry out completely.

Planting Lemon Seeds/ Lemon Tree from Seed

Requires some patient waiting

The lemon fruits consist of seeds that can easily be used to grow more lemon trees over the years. Here is a step-by-step guide on planting lemon seeds and thus, growing lemon trees from seeds.

  • Start with choosing a healthy and juicy lemon to extract the seeds.
  • Cut the fruit and slice out the pulp.
  • Carefully chuck out the seeds from the pulp that you just removed. Wash the seeds clean.
  • Fill a container with some good quality potting soil that drains well and is rich in organic matter.
  • Create some half inches of holes in the container with your fingers.
  • Plant the wet seeds in these holes and cover them with more soil.
  • Gently moisten the soil. Make sure that it is just damp and not soaked.
  • Cover the container with a transparent plastic sheet to increase water retention and the temperature of the soil inside the container.
  • Shift the container to a spot that receives a generous amount of sunlight and maintains a temperature above 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Check the container every few days and make sure that the soil remains a damp consistency.
  • In a few weeks, you will notice that seedlings have emerged in the container. Remove the plastic sheet when that happens.
  • Once multiple layers of leaves appear in the seedlings, they can be transplanted into separate planters.

However, make sure that the plant is also exposed to lots of bright sunlight and is regularly watered.

Lemon Tree Care Indoors/ Lemon Plant Care in India

Easy to care for

The lemon tree is one of the few trees that bear wonderful rewards. Growing and caring for a lemon tree is not such a tough task. You just need to get a few basic care requirements rights to have a healthy lemon tree growing in your house.

Here is a look at the basic tips regarding lemon tree care indoors.

  • The Ideal Planter:Lemon trees tend to grow quite comfortably in containers or planters. But the ideal planter is neither too large nor too small as per the current size of the plant. Also, make sure that the planter has enough drainage holes to flush out the excess water that would otherwise pose a threat to the healthy growth of the plant.
  • Potting Mix for the Plant: Lemon trees grow well in general potting mixes. However, make sure that the potting mix is of good quality, drains well and is also rich in organic matter. It also helps if the soil is slightly acidic as it boosts the healthy growth of lemon trees.
  • Meeting the Light Needs:Lemon trees love the full sun. The bright sunlight is essential for a lemon tree to grow and thrive. There is no exaggeration in stating that the lemon trees require lots and lots of sunlight. The absence of enough sunlight required by the plant in winters can be made up for by adding some fluorescent lighting.
  • Watering the Plant:Lemon trees require regular watering. It is important to water the plant once every week or so and maintain a moist consistency of the potting mix. Stick to a proper and regular watering schedule. Also, make sure that you do not let the soil dry out completely. However, take care that you do not end up over-watering the plant.
  • Maintaining the Right Temperature:The lemon tree is cold-sensitive and thus, should not be exposed to frosty conditions or temperatures. Lemon trees thrive best when the temperature in the day is maintained around 70 degrees Fahrenheit and that during the night is maintained just above 55 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant might enter a state of dormancy if the temperature drops below 55 degrees.

Even though lemon trees can grow quite well indoors, it is advisable to place them out on some days to boost the production of fruits. Exposure to the outdoors is helpful to increase the chances of pollination of the plants through bees and other insects. However, in case you want to keep the plant indoors, you can stick to hand pollinating the plant to ensure the production of the fruits.

Fertilizing Lemon Trees

Fertilise from spring to early fall

Fertilizers are an essential requirement while growing plants as they aid in meeting the adequate nutrient necessities of the plants. A lemon tree too needs to be fertilized to meet its proper nutrient requirements.

Fertilizing lemon trees should be carried out from the spring season to the early autumn season. You can use a nitrogen-based fertilizer and even a slow-release all-purpose fertilizer for fertilizing lemon trees.

Fertilization should be completely avoided from the late autumn to the end of the winter season.

How to Grow Lemon Tree Faster

Ensure proper care

Lemon trees grow better and at a faster pace when met with the right care. We have already analyzed the basic care requirements of the lemon trees above. Here are some points that you need to keep in mind to make your lemon tree grow faster.

  • If you are thinking of growing a lemon plant, get it planted during the spring season. This gives the plant a lot of time to grow before it states a state of dormancy in the winters.
  • Place your lemon tree in a sunny spot in the house. Make sure it receives lots and lots of bright sunlight.
  • Make sure that the kind of soil that you use for growing that plant drains well. This is necessary to ensure that the roots of the plant are not harmed by the accumulation of water.
  • In the first year of growth, fertilize the lemon tree every month, beginning from the spring to the summer season. After a year, fertilize once every four to six weeks.
  • Water the lemon tree regularly. Make sure that the soil that the plant is growing in maintains a moist consistency.
  • Avoid pruning young lemon trees. Young or old, avoid pruning the lemon trees in the late summer or fall. Pruning in such conditions only slows down the growth rate of lemon trees.

Lemon Varieties       

Consists of different varieties

Over the years, several different cultivars and varieties of lemon trees have taken over the world. Let us take a look at some of the most common and popular Lemon varieties.

  • Bonsai Lemon Tree/ Lemon Bonsai: The bonsai lemon tree is like a miniature version of the actual large lemon trees. Bonsai lemon trees just grow up to a height of a few feet and can be easily managed indoors. The bonsai lemon trees produce beautiful white blooms.
  • Citrus Limon: The citrus Limon consists of all the true lemon varieties. The citrus Limon species consists of several well-established lemon varieties as well as certain wild hybrid varieties of the plant.
  • Dwarf Lemon Tree/ Small Lemon Plant: As the name suggests, the dwarf lemon trees are much smaller in size as compared to other general lemon trees. The dwarf lemon trees usually grow up to a height of around 8 to 12 inches tall.
  • Eucalyptus Citriodora: Native to northeastern Australia, the Eucalyptus Citriodora is also known as the Lemon-scented gum, the Lemon-scented Eucalyptus or the Eucalyptus tree. The leaves of the Eucalyptus Citriodora are marked with a lemony scent.
  • Lemon Cypress: The Lemon Cypress tree is also popularly known as the Goldcrest. The Lemon Cypress is mostly grown as an ornamental shrub, the foliage of which gives off a lemony scent. The Lemon Cypress can grow around 6 to 8 feet in height.
  • Lemon Grass Tree: The lemon grass tree is not a variety of lemons but another individual plant species. The leaves and oil of the lemongrass tree are often used for medicinal purposes. Lemongrass trees are often grown for ornamental purposes.
  • Hybrid Lemon Plant/Ponderosa Lemon: The Ponderosa lemon is a hybrid variety and is a cross between the citrus Limon and the citrus medica. Native to Maryland, the University of California states that the Ponder lemon variety was first discovered in the year 1887.
  • Seedless Lemon Plant: There are several different kinds of seedless lemon plants. Seedless lemons are known to be quite juicy in texture, juicier than the lemons that contain seeds. Examples of seedless lemon plants are Improved Meyer lemon, Seedless Eureka Lemon, etc.
  • Sweet Lemon Tree/ Sweet Lemon Plant: The Sweet lemon tree or Sweet lemon plant mostly grows in the regions around Malabar and Nilgiri. The sweet lemon is non-acidic and can be eaten directly as a fruit rather than extracting its juice. In India, sweet lemon is also known as Mausambi.
  • Variegated Pink Lemon: First discovered in Burbanks, California in the 19330s, the Variegated Pink lemon has flesh similar to that of a grapefruit. The exterior of the variegated Pink lemon is rough and is often marked with green stripes.

FAQS

How to grow a lemon plant in the ground?

To plant a lemon tree in the ground, start with digging a hole that is a little shallower than the size of the root ball of the plant. Secure the plant in the soil and water it regularly.

Do lemon trees need a lot of sunlight?

Yes, lemon trees love the full sun. It won’t be an exaggeration in stating that the lemon trees need lots and lots of bright sunlight.

How do you take care of a lemon tree?

To take care of a lemon tree, place it at a spot that receives lots and lots of bright sunlight. Make sure that the potting soil drains well and is watered regularly to maintain a damp consistency.

Where do lemon trees grow best?

Lemon trees grow best at a spot that is exposed to the bright sunlight for most of the day and does not record extreme drops in temperature.

Can I grow a lemon tree indoors?

Yes, you can very well grow a lemon tree in your house, Just make sure that you place the plant at a spot that gets lots of sunlight. Also, make sure that you water the plant regularly.

Which is the Best Soil for a Lemon Tree Plant?

Lemon trees grow well in soil that is of good quality, drains well and are also rich in organic matter. It also helps if the soil is slightly acidic as it boosts the healthy growth of lemon trees.

What is the background of lemons?   

Lemons are believed to have originated in India. Northeast India is also believed to be the originating place of lemons.

 


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