Fancying those Delicious Mangoes? Here’s how you can grow Mango trees at Home, All by Yourself

Fancying those Delicious Mangoes? Here’s how you can grow Mango trees at Home, All by Yourself

A rather popular tree

Mango is popularly known to be the king of fruits. The juicy and delicious mangoes are the favourite fruits of almost every human being. There are only a handful of people who would agree to dislike eating Mango.

Believed to originate in the region between Bangladesh, northeastern India and northwestern Myanmar, Mango trees are mostly popular for the deliciously edible fruits that they produce. Mango trees are also known for having a long life, some of them continuing to bear fruits even after 300 years.

In general, Mango trees tend to grow up to 30 to 40 meters in height, accompanied by a crown radius of around 10 to 15 meters.

Mango Flowering

Blooms in clusters

The Mango flowering generally happens during the winter season, specifically around June till November. These flowers are quite small in size and are whitish. The mango flowering also consists of a sweet-smelling pleasant fragrance that spreads onto quite some acres of land.

Mango Fruit

One of the most popular kinds of fruits

As mentioned above, mangoes are one of the most popular kinds of fruit all around the world. The mango fruit is generally sweet, however, the taste and texture of the fruit differ from variety to variety.

The subtropical Indian group consists of monoembryonic mangoes while the tropical Southeast Asian group consists of polyembryonic mangoes.

Growing a Mango Plant at Home

Can be easily grown from a seed

To grow a Mango plant, the first step is to be clear on the kind or variety of mango that you will be growing. Not all varieties of mango are suitable for growing in all spaces. Some varieties do well in certain regions or conditions while others do well in different regions or conditions. So choose cautiously.

Here is a step-by-step guide on growing a mango tree at home, all by yourself.

  • As an easy start, buy yourself a Mango, whichever variety that you want to grow at home.
  • Save the pit of the mango after you are done eating it. You can let it sit on a paper towel to dry. The pit of the mango is the hardest part towards the centre of the fruit that consists of the mango seed.
  • Gently and carefully cut open the pit to reveal the mango seed. Gently pull the seed out while making sure that it is not cut or harmed in any way.
  • Prepare a planter with some soil and gently push the seed into the potting soil in the planter. Make sure that the planter is deep enough to support the growth of the long roots.
  • Water the seed well and shift the planter to a spot that maintains a temperature above 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

In around a week or two, there will be signs of growth of the seed. The seed will start to lift itself in the soil, indicating the growth of roots. Another week or two after that, a small shoot will also be visibly growing out of the seed. Gradually, the shoot will start sprouting leaves and will ultimately grow into a mango tree.

Caring for a Mango Tree at Home

Easy to grow and care for

Caring for a Mango tree is almost a piece of cake. It does not require rigorous and extreme levels of care but can be effortlessly maintained. Here are some basic care tips that make it easy to grow and take care of a Mango tree.

  • The Ideal Planter:The Mango plant has long taproots. Thus, it becomes essential that the planter chosen for growing a Mango tree is deep enough to sufficiently accommodate the long roots into the planter. The plant should neither be too large nor too small. It should also have some holes at the bottom to flush out the excess water that would otherwise cause serious harm to the plant.
  • Potting Mix for the Plant:Mango trees grow best in soil that is organic and of good quality. It is always advisable to use some well-draining soil when it comes to effectively growing a Mango tree. An ideal choice of potting soil could be created by mixing 50% garden soil with 50% All-in-One potting mix. You can create an All-n-One potting mix by mixing equal parts of mulch, sand and soil.
  • Light Needs:The Mango tree should be grown or placed at a spot with some bright sunlight. The Mango tree loves the full sun and thus should be exposed to such for most of the day. The plant can also endure direct light but it is advisable to use some sort of a filter whenever and however possible.
  • Watering the Plant:It is important to maintain the moisture level in the soil for the Mango trees to be able to keep producing the deliciously edible mango fruits. Water the plant regularly to obtain some high-quality mango fruits. Water it every two to three days in the summer season and every week or two during the winter season.
  • Temperature and Humidity:The ideal range of temperature to grow a healthy Mango tree is between 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature drops below 40 degrees, fruits and flowers too, drop. Severe harm can be caused to the plant if the temperature drops below 30 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant grows well in average humidity levels.
  • Fertilizing the Plant:Fertilization is necessary to help plants meet their necessary nutrient requirements. It is never advised to use chemical fertilizers on a newly grown Mango tree. Instead, you can shift to regular application of nitrogen fertilizer to boost flower production as well as the growth of the plant as a whole.
  • Pruning a Mango Tree: Even though a Mango tree grows to a rather impressive height, it can easily be maintained at any desired shape or size. Pruning can help you efficiently grow Mango trees to a manageable height indoors. Pruning also helps to boost the growth of the plant by getting rid of any perpetual signs of unhealthy growth.

Mango Varieties/ Types of Mangoes

Available in a wide variety

There are several different types of mangoes cultivated around the world. All of these mango varieties are unique in size, shape, skin colour, flesh colour as well as taste.

  • Alphonso Mangoes:The Alphonse Hapoos mangoes are widely popular throughout India and are known to be one of the tastiest types of mangoes. Ratnagiri in the state of Maharashtra, in India, is regarded as one of the finest hotspots of Alphonsus mango cultivation. The Alphonso mangoes are of a golden yellow colour and are accompanied by a beautifully aromatic smell. The Alphonso mangoes are mostly available during the mid-July period.
  • Amrapali Mango:Introduced back in 1971, the Amrapali mango is a popular type of mango that is a hybrid variety of the Dasher mangoes and Neelum mangoes. Developed in the Indian Architectural Research Centre in Delhi, the Amrapali mango was first planted in a place called Chakdaha, in the Nadia district in West Bengal. The Amrapali mango tree grows as a dwarf tree and produces fruits that bear a deep orange-red pulp.
  • Carabao Mango:Popularly known as the Philippine mango or the Manila mango, the Carabao mango is a popular delicacy from the Philippines. The Carabao mango has also been entitled as the world’s sweetest mango by the 1995 edition of the Guinness Book of World Records. Known for its unique and exotic taste, the Carabao mango has 14 different strains all around the world. These fruits are often shaped like a kidney and are short or elongated in structure.
  • Dasheri Mangoes/ Dussehri Mango:The Dasheri, Dussehri or Dashehari mangoes are a popular delicacy of the Nawabi state of Lucknow, in India. Popularly also known as NawabiDasheharimangoes, most of the Dasheri mango cultivation is available from Mahilabad, which is 30 km farther from the state of Lucknow. The Dussehri mangoes have a delicious taste and are mostly identified through their green peels. These mangoes are mostly cultivated around May and until August.
  • Himayat Mango:Popularly known as Imam Pasand, the Himayat Mango is known to be one of the best tasting Mango varieties, especially in India. A popular Mango variety in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, the Himayat mango is also famously termed the King of Mangoes in Trichy. These mangoes are large but have tiny seeds thus, ensuring more pulp quantity in the fruit. The Himayat mango is also known to be abundantly juicy.
  • Malgova Mango:More popularly known as Mulgova mangoes, the Malgova Mangoes are a popular delicacy in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Such is the popularity of this mango variant that it is often termed as theHapoos of South. The Malgova mango is generally available around the summer season in India and Tamil Nadu is considered to be its highest cultivar. The fruit is generally identified through its light yellow pulp.
  • Mallika Mango:Much like the Amrapali mango, the Mallika mango too, is a hybridization of the Neelum mangoes and the Dashehari mangoes. Introduced by DrRamnath Singh, the Mallika mangoes are high quality and fiberless orange fruits. The Mallika mango is also exceptionally sweet tasting. These mangoes are generally available around June to July.
  • Noorjahan Mango/ Noor Jahan Mango:Widely cultivated in the Alirajpur district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, the Noor Jahan mango is known to be one of the most expensive types of mangoes. Rumoured to be of an Afghan origin, the Noorjahan mango is priced at a whopping amount of Rs. 500 to Rs. 1000 per piece. Each Noorjahan mango easily weighs around 2 to 3.5 kilograms.
  • Purple Mangoes:The Purple Mangoes or the Miyazaki mangoes are known to be the most expensive mango variety in the world. Cultivated in Japan, Purple mangoes are sold at a whopping price of more than Rs. 2.5 lakhs per kilogram. The purple mangoes are initially of a flaming red colour and then go on to don a purple colour as they ripen. The Purple mangoes are also known as Taiyo-no-Tamago or Eggs of Sunshine.
  • Rumani Mango:Popularly known as Ice-Cream mangoes or Apple mangoes, the Rumani mangoes are mostly known for their excellent flavour and juicy texture. Widely cultivated in India’s Chittor, the name Apple mango stems from the fact that the Rumani Mango is shaped much like an apple. The flesh of the mango is sweet, juicy and extremely flavourful.

Grafted Mango

Propagated mostly through grafting

The term grafting generally refers to the process of transferring a piece of a mature tree to the seedling of another. The tree at the base is referred to as the rootstock and the upper addition is known as the scion. Grafting is often used to propagate mango plants.

FAQS

What is special about mango trees?

The speciality of the mango tree is the deliciously edible fruits that these trees bear. The mango fruits are known to be one of the finest tasting fruits and are a popular delicacy all around the world.

How big do mango trees grow?

In general, Mango trees tend to grow up to 30 to 40 meters in height, accompanied by a crown radius of around 10 to 15 meters.

How long will it take for my mango tree to bear fruit?

Mango trees generally take a time of around three to six years before they start bearing fruits. However, certain mango trees can also take up to 15 years.

How do you grow a mango tree?

To grow a Mango tree, make sure that you use some rich quality and organic potting soil. Make sure that the plant is exposed to the full sun and is being watered regularly.

How many fruits does each mango tree produce? mangoes does each mango tree produce on average?

On average, one mango tree can bear around 10 to 20 fruits as they first start. However, in consecutive years, these numbers will gradually increase.

What mango varieties are produced year-round?

Some mango varieties that are produced year-round are Dasheri mangoes, Mallika mangoes, himsagar mangoes, etc.

How long does it take for a mango tree to grow and bear fruit?

It can easily take around three to six years for a mango tree to grow and bear fruit.

What is the problem with mango trees?

The one major problem that bothers mango trees is fungal infections. These can be gotten rid of by ensuring better air circulation around the plant.

What is the life of a mango tree?

The mango trees are known to live long lives. Mango trees can easily live around 300 years or more.

Why are mangos not allowed to ripe naturally on trees?

There is no such hard and fast rule that mangoes are not allowed to ripe naturally on trees. Instead, this is how it often occurs.

How do you care for a mango plant?

To grow and care for a mango plant, make sure that you use some rich quality and organic potting soil. Make sure that the plant is exposed to the full sun and is being watered regularly.

What are the things we get from the mango trees?

We get several things from mango trees. The fruit of the mango tree alone can be used for various purposes.

Can a mango tree grow without leaves?

A mango tree can grow without leaves if it has a sturdy root system. This is because the sturdy growth of the plant ensures that the leaves grow back eventually.

 

 


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